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Wave Equations on Lorentzian Manifolds and Quantization 199 pp

Wave Equations on Lorentzian Manifolds and Quantization 199 pp

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Published by c00per_m
This book provides a detailed introduction to linear wave equations on Lorentzian manifolds (for vector-bundle valued fields). After a collection of preliminary material in the first chapter one finds in the second chapter the construction of local fundamental solutions together with their Hadamard expansion. The third chapter establishes the existence and uniqueness of global fundamental solutions on globally hyperbolic spacetimes and discusses Green's operators and well-posedness of the Cauchy problem. The last chapter is devoted to field quantization in the sense of algebraic quantum field theory. The necessary basics on C*-algebras and CCR-representations are developed in full detail.
The text provides a self-contained introduction to these topics addressed to graduate students in mathematics and physics. At the same time it is intended as a reference for researchers in global analysis, general relativity, and quantum field theory.
This book provides a detailed introduction to linear wave equations on Lorentzian manifolds (for vector-bundle valued fields). After a collection of preliminary material in the first chapter one finds in the second chapter the construction of local fundamental solutions together with their Hadamard expansion. The third chapter establishes the existence and uniqueness of global fundamental solutions on globally hyperbolic spacetimes and discusses Green's operators and well-posedness of the Cauchy problem. The last chapter is devoted to field quantization in the sense of algebraic quantum field theory. The necessary basics on C*-algebras and CCR-representations are developed in full detail.
The text provides a self-contained introduction to these topics addressed to graduate students in mathematics and physics. At the same time it is intended as a reference for researchers in global analysis, general relativity, and quantum field theory.

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Published by: c00per_m on Jun 08, 2008
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10/14/2011

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Preface
In General Relativity spacetime is described mathematically by a Lorentzian manifold.Gravitation manifests itself as the curvature of this manifold. Physical fields, such as theelectromagnetic field, are defined on this manifold and have to satisfy a wave equation.This book provides an introduction to the theory of linear wave equations on Lorentzianmanifolds. In contrast to other texts on this topic [Friedlander1975, G¨unther1988] wedevelop the global theory. This means, we ask for existence and uniqueness of solutionswhich are defined on all of the underlying manifold. Such results are of great importanceand are already used much in the literature despite the fact that published proofs aremissing. Tracing back the references one typically ends at Leray’s unpublished lecturenotes [Leray1953] or their exposition [Choquet-Bruhat1968].Inthis textwe developtheglobaltheoryfromscratchin amoderngeometriclanguage.In the first chapterwe providebasic definitionsand facts aboutdistributionson manifolds,Lorentzian geometry, and normally hyperbolic operators. We study the building blocksfor local solutions, the Riesz distributions, in some detail. In the second chapter we showhowtosolve waveequationslocally. UsingRiesz distributionsanda formalrecursivepro-cedure one first constructs formal fundamental solutions. These are formal series solvingthe equations formally but in general they do not converge. Using suitable cut-offs onegets “almost solutions” from these formal solutions. They are well-defined distributionsbut solve the equation only up to an error term. This is then corrected by some furtheranalysis which yields true local fundamental solutions.This procedure is similar to the construction of the heat kernel for a Laplace typeoperator on a compact Riemannian manifold. The analogy goes even further. Similar tothe short-time asymptotics for the heat kernel, the formal fundamental solution turns outto be an asymptotic expansion of the true fundamental solution. Along the diagonal thecoefficients of this asymptotic expansion are given by the same algebraic expression inthe curvature of the manifold, the coefficients of the operator, and their derivatives as theheat kernel coefficients.In the third chapter we use the local theory to study global solutions. This means weconstruct global fundamental solutions, Green’s operators, and solutions to the Cauchyproblem. This requires assumptions on the geometry of the underlying manifold. InLorentzian geometry one has to deal with the problem that there is no good analog forthe notion of completeness of Riemannian manifolds. In our context globally hyperbolicmanifolds turn out to be the right class of manifolds to consider. Most basic models inGeneral Relativity turn out to be globally hyperbolic but there are exceptions such as

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