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17772024 Textile History

17772024 Textile History

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Published by asifanis

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Published by: asifanis on Jun 09, 2010
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Textile Histor y
The term 'Textile' is a Latin word originating from the word 'texere' which means'to weave' Textile refers to a flexible material comprising of a network of natural or artificial fibers, known as yarn. Textiles are formed by weaving, knitting,crocheting, knotting and pressing fibers together. Textile Museum is thatspecialized category of museum which primarily preserves different types of textile and textile productsHistory of Textile The history of textile is almost as old as that of humancivilization and as time moves on the history of textile has further enriched itself.In the 6th and 7th century BC, the oldest recorded indication of using fiber comeswith the invention of flax and wool fabric at the excavation of Swiss lakeinhabitants.In India the culture of silk was introduced in 400AD, while spinning of cotton traces back to 3000BC. In China, the discovery and consequentdevelopment of sericulture and spin silk methods got initiated at 2640 BC while inEgypt the art of spinning linen and weaving developed in 3400 BC.The discoveryof machines and their widespread application in processing natural fibers was adirect outcome of the industrial revolution of the 18th and 19th centuries.Thediscoveries of various synthetic fibers like nylon created a wider market for textileproducts and gradually led to the invention of new and improved sources of natural fiber.The development of transportation and communication facilitiesfacilitated the path of transaction of localized skills and textile art among variouscountries.
T extile Histo r y of V a r i ous Co u ntries :-India
Indian textile enjoys a rich heritage and theorigin of textiles in India traces back to the Indus valley Civilization where peopleused homespun cotton for weaving their clothes.Rigveda, the earliest of the Vedacontains the literary information about textiles and it refers to weaving.Ramayana and Mahabharata, the eminent Indian epics depict the existence of wide variety of fabrics in ancient India. These epics refer both to rich and stylizedgarment worn by the aristocrats and ordinary simple clothes worn by thecommon people. The contemporary Indian textile not only reflects the splendidpast but also cater to the requirements of the modern times.
In 1869 the capital of Japan was shifted from Kyoto to Tokyo and from thistime onwards the Nishijin weaving tradition seemed threatened with extinction.The industry again started to grow along with Japan's new capitalist economyby1890 when the Nishijin weavers embraced and applied modern technology totheir own ancient and original textile art. The textile art of Japan particularlyreached an epitome of excellence by exhibiting a cultural distinction andremarkable artistic skill in the Edo and succeeding Meiji periods (1868 - 1912).
Chinese textiles enjoy an excellent heritage intextile sector and occupy a prominent position in the global textile market.Chinese textiles are world famous and extraordinary for their fine quality andprofound symbolic meanings. Textiles in china often form an integral aspect of itsheritage and symbolically reflect its tradition and culture.In China, textile is oftenclosely associated with prosperity and involved in the process of elaboraterituals. Parents' spontaneous love for their children is most visibly reflected

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