UNIT TWO: CELL BIOLOGY(Text from Modern Biology, Holt, Rinehart, and Winston)1
ChapterChapterChapterChapter Four (Cell Structure and Function)Four (Cell Structure and Function)Four (Cell Structure and Function)Four (Cell Structure and Function)
SECTION ONE: THE HISTORY OF CELL BIOLOGYSECTION ONE: THE HISTORY OF CELL BIOLOGYSECTION ONE: THE HISTORY OF CELL BIOLOGYSECTION ONE: THE HISTORY OF CELL BIOLOGYTHE DISCOVERY OF CELLSA cellcellcellcell is the smallest unit that can carry on all of the process of life. By usingmicroscopes, naturalists in the 17
century were able to study objects two small tobe seen with the naked eye.HookeUsing an early light microscope, English scientist Robert Hooke looked at a thinslice of cork from the bark of a cork oak tree in 1665. He described “a great manylittle boxes” that reminded him of the cells where monks live.LeeuwenhoekA Dutch trader named Anton van Leeuwenhoek made microscopes that had 10times the magnification of Hooke’s instruments. In 1673, he was able to observe livingcells of algae and protists.THE CELL THEORYIt was not until about 150 years later than biologists began to organizeinformation about cells more completely. The observations of botanist MatthiasSchleiden, zoologist Theodor Schwann, and physician Rudolf Virchow were combined to form the cellcellcellcell theory, a basic theory about how cells are related to life.Developments in Cell BiologyAfter the initial formation of the cell theory, scientists began to furtherinvestigate how cells function. In 1827, Karl Von Baer discovered the mammalian eggand in 1855, Rudolf Virchow added to the cell theory.The Cellular Basis in LifeIn addition to the seven characteristics mentioned in the last chapter, allliving things share a common history. All cells share characteristics.
The Cell TheoryThe Cell TheoryThe Cell TheoryThe Cell TheoryAll living organisms are composed of one or more cells.Cells are the basic units of structure and function in an organism.Cells come from only the reproduction of existing cells.