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Disaster Management Policy

Disaster Management Policy

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Published by Balram
Disaster Management Policy, Balram Chaudhary Bikaner, Disaster Management, Principle of Disaster Management
Disaster Management Policy, Balram Chaudhary Bikaner, Disaster Management, Principle of Disaster Management

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Published by: Balram on Jun 10, 2010
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07/15/2010

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Disaster Management Policy
Disaster Management Policy:
Disaster management is a multidisciplinary activityinvolving a number of a number of Departments/agencies spanning across all sectorsof development. Where a number of Departments/agencies are involved, it is essentialto have a policy in place, as it serves as a framework for action by all the relevantdepartments/agencies. A National policy on disaster management has been drafted,and is in the process of consultations. In the line with the changed focus, the policyproposes to integrate disaster mitigation into development planning. The policy shallinform all spheres of Central Government activity and shall enjoin upon all existingsectoral policies. The broad objective of the policy are to minimize the loss of livesand social, private and community assets because of natural or man-made disastersand contribute to sustainable development and better standards of living for all, morespecifically for the poor and vulnerable section by ensuring that the developmentsgains are not lost through natural calamities/ disaster.The policy notes that State Governments are primarily responsible for disastermanagement including prevention and mitigation, while the Government of Indiaprovides assistance where necessary as per the norms laid down from time to time andproposes that this overall framework may continue. However, since response to adisaster requires coordination of resources available across all the Departments of theGovernment, the policy mandates that the Central Government will, in conjunctionwith the State Governments, seek to ensure that such a coordination mechanism is laiddown through an appropriate chain of command so that mobilization of resources isfacilitated.The broad features of the draft national policy on disaster management areenunciated below:-i.
 
A holistic and pro-active approach towards prevention, mitigation andpreparedness will be adopted for disaster management.ii.
 
Each Ministry/Department of the Central/State Government will set apart anappropriate quantum of funds under the Plan for specific schemes/projectsaddressing vulnerability reduction and preparedness.
 
iii.
 
Where there is a shelf of projects, projects addressing mitigation will be givenpriority. Mitigation measures shall be built into the on-goingschemes/programmesiv.
 
Each project in a hazard prone area will have mitigation as an essential term of reference. The project report will include a statement as to how the projectaddresses vulnerability reduction.v.
 
Community involvement and awareness generation, particularly that of thevulnerable segments of population and women has been emphasized asnecessary for sustainable disaster risk reduction. This is a critical component of the policy since communities are the first responders to disasters and, therefore,unless they are empowered and made capable of managing disasters, anyamount of external support cannot lead to optimal results.vi.
 
There will be close interaction with the corporate sector, nongovernmentalorganisations and the media in the national efforts for disasterprevention/vulnerability reduction.vii.
 
Institutional structures/appropriate chain of command will be built up andappropriate training imparted to disaster managers at various levels to ensurecoordinated and quick response at all levels; and development of inter-Statearrangements for sharing of resources during emergencies.viii.
 
A culture of planning and preparedness is to be inculcated at all levels forcapacity building measures.ix.
 
Standard operating procedures and disaster management plans at state anddistrict levels as well as by relevant central government departments forhandling specific disasters will be laid down.x.
 
Construction designs must correspond to the requirements as laid down inrelevant Indian Standards.xi.
 
All lifeline buildings in seismic zones III, IV & V
 – 
hospitals, railway stations,airports/airport control towers, fire station buildings, bus stands majoradministrative centres will need to be evaluated and, if necessary, retro-fitted.

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