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Reason as a Way of Knowing

Reason as a Way of Knowing

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Published by nepaliain

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Published by: nepaliain on Jun 10, 2010
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11/24/2012

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Reason as a way of knowing
³We should take care not to make the intellect our god: it has, of course, powerful muscles, but no personality. It cannot lead: it can only serve´ Albert Einstein 
L
earning Outcomes
Knowledge and Understanding
y
 
Understand how we acquire new knowledge about the world using reason
y
 
Understand why reason is attractive to us as a source of knowledge as it seemsto give us certainty
y
 
Understand how reason relates to language, perception and emotion
y
 
A
ppreciate that real life problem solving requires imagination and creativity, andmore than simple logic
y
 
Understand the role of reason in different areas of knowledge
y
 
B
e able to evaluate reason as a way of knowing
Sk 
ills
j
 
M
ake notes and reference quotes
j
 
Use i-movie or a recorded keynote presentation
j
 
Use Inspiration to plan an essay
j
 
P
resent to and teach others
 
W
rite a TOK essay
 
S
elf and peer assess using the criteria for a TOK essay(
S
uggested duration 8 hours research and planning + 2 hours writing plus ahomework to complete essay)Essay Title
Ev
aluate the strengths and weaknesses of reason as a way of knowing.
(Question for TOK essay 2008.9)
R
easoning, logic and critical thinking form a knowledge force, and the interplay of sound reasoning with the other ways of knowing is significant.
R
eason can fill in the gaps that the other ways of knowing sometimes leave behind.
D
iscuss
H
ow does reason fill the gaps in your other areas of study currently?(Eg Quantum
P
hysics, a dead artists intention)
C
reate
a notes document to collate your ideas, quotes, evidence as you research
 
reason as a way of knowing.
 
Keep your references as you go!
K
ey Terms and
C
oncepts
S
trengths
P
roblems of .. Links to other
W
OK in termsof similaritiesanddifferencesRationalist approachInduction andDeduction
A
ssumption, conjecture
A
nalogical, creative,logical reasoningLogic and fuzzy logic
Ax
iomTruth and validityFallaciesGeneralisationsInferenceVertical and lateralthinkingLaws of thoughtCritical Thinking
W
hat do other thinkers, philosophers have to say about Reason?Kanthttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d-t8V
x
L
P
EJQ  
 
Make
a video/recorded Keynote/poster as a group that e
x
plains key ideas from
B
ertrand Russell,
A
ristotle, Descartes, Freud and e
x
plain the key ideas and theirimplications to the rest of the class. You are e
x
pert and need to be able to answer
Think
about how we acquire new knowledge about the world using reason
³We cannot be sure that the laws of logic do not simply describe the ways we think rather than the way the universe is...It is an act of faith to assert that our thoughts have any relation to reality at all«
R
eason itself is a  matter of faith´ 
 
G.K. Chesterton 
Can you understand why reason is attractive to us as a source of knowledge as itseems to give us certainty?
F
ind
your favourite quotes about reason or logic.
C
reate
a quote wall in your TOKclassroom. (Quotemaster is a good starting place)Can you appreciate that real life problem solving requires imagination and creativity,and more than simple logic?
 
 
W
atchhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=
x
Ekj9ghjN
M
U&feature=related 
 
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Df 
P
eprQ7oGc 
 
Dr Quantum Double
S
lit E
x
periment
P
articles vs. wavesDo you understand the role of reason in different areas of knowledge?
W
hat kinds of bad reason can be typically found in
H
istory?Can
M
athematics be reduced to logic?
I
n
v
estigate
the role and add to your notes.
W
hat further
questions
can you thinkof?
P
ut them on the
W
IKI and answer someone elses. 
H
ow does reason relate to language, perception and emotion?Can emotion be rational?
S
hould we trust reason rather than perception?Can vague language lead to bad reasoning? Is language at the very core of reasoning?Is religious faith rational or irrational?Investigate the links between the
W
OK and make notes on your views
Resources
P
roject Implicitwww.implicit.harvard.edu 
A
series of Implicit
A
ssociation Tests (I
A
Ts)I
A
T measures implicit attitudes and beliefs that people are unwilling or unable toreportThe
A
rgument Clinic sketch
M
onty Python
 http://www.infidels.org/library/modern/mathew/sn-python.html 
A
lso see the 
S
hes a
W
itch sketch on youtubeEssay 
W
hy
S
mart
P
eople defend
B
ad Ideas
http://www.scottberkun.com/essays/essay40.htm 
N
ow you are able to e
v
aluate Reason as a Way of 
K
nowing
Writing the essay
S
TE
P
ONE: Unpack the title what is it asking, what does evaluate mean?
S
TE
P
T
W
O: Read the TOK essay criteria and discuss what you understand from it.

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