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Khalil Gibran

Khalil Gibran

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Published by Aamir Hussain

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Categories:Types, Research, Genealogy
Published by: Aamir Hussain on Jun 10, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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Khalil Gibran
Khalil Gibran
Born
Gibrn Khall Gibrn bin Mikh'l binSa'adJanuary 6, 1883Bsharri, Mount Lebanon Mutasarrifate,Ottoman Syria
(modern day Lebanon)
 
 
Born
April 10, 1931 (aged 48) New York City, United States
 
Occupation
Poet, Painter, Sculptor, Writer,
 
Philosopher, Theologian, Visual Artist
 
Nationality
Lebanese-American
Genres
Poetry, Parable, Short Story
 
L
iterarymovement
Mahjar, New York Pen League
 
Notable work(s)
The Prophet 
Khalil Gibran
(born
Gubran Khalil Gubran
[1]
 
bin Mikh'l bin Sa'ad
; January 6, 1883 ± April 10, 1931) also known as
Kahlil Gibran
[2]
, was a Lebanese American artist, poet, andwriter. Born in the town of Bsharri in modern-day Lebanon (then part of the Ottoman MountLebanon mutasarrifate
 
), as a young man he emigrated with his family to the United States wherehe studied art and began his literary career. He is chiefly known for his 1923 book 
The Prophet 
,a series of philosophical essays written in English prose. An early example of Inspirationalfiction, the book sold well despite a cool critical reception, and became extremely popular in the1960s counterculture.
[3]
Gibran is considered to be the third most widely read poet in history, behind Shakespeare and Lao-Tzu.
[4]
 
C
ontents
y
 
1 Youth
o
 
1.1 In Lebanon
o
 
1.2 In the United States
y
 
2 Art and poetry
y
 
3 Political thought
y
 
4 Death and legacy
y
 
5
Works
y
 
6 Memorials and honors
y
 
7
Mentions in popular culture
o
 
7
.1 Movies
o
 
7
.2 Music
o
 
7
.3 Other 
y
 
8 References
y
 
9 External links
Y
outh
In
L
ebanon
Gibran was born in the Christian Maronite town of Bsharri (in modern day northern Lebanon
 
) tothe son of a Maronite priest.
[
5
]
His mother Kamila was thirty when he was born; his father, alsonamed Khalil, was her third husband.
[6]
As a result of his family's poverty, Gibran received noformal schooling during his youth. However, priests visited him regularly and taught him aboutthe Bible, as well as the Arabic and Syriac languages.
 
Gibran's father initially worked in an apothecary but, with gambling debts he was unable to pay,he went to work for a local Ottoman-appointed administrator 
[
7
]
or local warlord.
[8]
 Around 1891, extensive complaints by angry subjects led to the administrator being removed andhis staff being investigated.
[9]
Gibran's father was imprisoned for alleged embezzlement,
[3]
andhis family's property was confiscated by the authorities. With no home, Kamila Gibran decidedto follow her brother to the United States. Although Gibran's father was released in 1894, Kamilaremained resolved and left for New York on June 2
5
, 189
5
, taking Khalil, his younger sistersMariana and Sultana, and his elder half-brother Peter(/Bhutros/Butrus).
[
7
]
 
In the United States
Khalil Gibran, Photograph by Fred Holland Day, c. 1898The Gibrans settled in Boston's South End, at the time the second largest Syrian/Lebanese-American community
[10]
in the United States. Due to a mistake at school he was registered as
Kahlil Gibran
.
[2]
 His mother began working as a seamstress
[9]
peddler, selling lace and linens that she carried fromdoor to door. Gibran started school on September 30, 189
5
. School officials placed him in aspecial class for immigrants to learn English. Gibran also enrolled in an art school at a nearbysettlement house. Through his teachers there, he was introduced to the avant-garde Boston artist, photographer, and publisher Fred Holland Day,
[3]
who encouraged and supported Gibran in hiscreative endeavors. A publisher used some of Gibran's drawings for book covers in 1898.Gibran's mother, along with his elder brother Peter, wanted him to absorb more of his ownheritage rather than just the Western aesthetic culture he was attracted to,
[9]
so at the age of fifteen, Gibran returned to his homeland to study at a Maronite-run preparatory school andhigher-education institute in Beirut. He started a student literary magazine with a classmate andwas elected "college poet". He stayed there for several years before returning to Boston in 1902,coming through Ellis Island on May 10.
[11]
Two weeks before he got back, his sister Sultana died

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