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Numerology, Number definitions

Numerology, Number definitions

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Published by: ivaylo on Jun 10, 2010
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Numerology1
Numerology
Numerology
is any of many systems, traditions or beliefs in a mystical or esoteric relationship between numbers andphysical objects or living things.Numerology and numerological divination by systems such as isopsephy were popular among early mathematicians,such as Pythagoras, but are no longer considered part of mathematics and are regarded as pseudomathematics bymodern scientists.
[1]
 
[2]
This is similar to the historical relationships between astrology and astronomy, and betweenalchemy and chemistry.Today, numerology is often associated with the occult, alongside astrology and similar divinatory arts.The term can also be used for those who, in the view of some observers, place excess faith in numerical patterns,even if those people don't practice traditional numerology. For example, in his 1997 book 
 Numerology: Or What  Pythagoras Wrought 
, mathematician Underwood Dudley uses the term to discuss practitioners of the Elliott waveprinciple of stock market analysis.
History
Modern numerology often contains aspects of a variety of ancient cultures and teachers, including Babylonia,Pythagoras and his followers (Greece, 6th century B.C.), astrological philosophy from Hellenistic Alexandria, earlyChristian mysticism, early Gnostics, the Hebrew system of the Kabbalah, The Indian Vedas, the Chinese "Circle of the Dead", and the Egyptian "Book of the Masters of the Secret House" (Ritual of the Dead).Pythagoras and other philosophers of the time believed that because mathematical concepts were more "practical"(easier to regulate and classify) than physical ones, they had greater actuality.St. Augustine of Hippo (A.D. 354
 – 
430) wrote "Numbers are the Universal language offered by the deity to humansas confirmation of the truth." Similar to Pythagoras, he too believed that everything had numerical relationships andit was up to the mind to seek and investigate the secrets of these relationships or have them revealed by divine grace.See Numerology and the Church Fathers for early Christian views.In 325 A.D., following the First Council of Nicaea, departures from the beliefs of the state Church were classified ascivil violations within the Roman Empire. Numerology had not found favor with the Christian authority of the dayand was assigned to the field of unapproved beliefs along with astrology and other forms of divination and "magic".Despite this religious purging, the spiritual significance assigned to the heretofore "sacred" numbers had notdisappeared; several numbers, such as the "Jesus number" have been commented and analyzed by Dorotheus of Gazaand numerology still is used at least in conservative Greek Orthodox circles.
[3]
 
[4]
as well as other [5].An early example of the influence of numerology in English literature is Sir Thomas Browne's 1658 Discourse
TheGarden of Cyrus
. In it, the author whimsically indulges in Pythagorean numerology to demonstrate that the numberfive and the related Quincunx pattern can be found throughout the arts, in design, and in nature - particularly botany.Modern numerology has various antecedents. Ruth A. Drayer's book,
 Numerology, The Power in Numbers
(SquareOne Publishers) says that around the turn of the century (from 1800 to 1900 A.D.) Mrs. L. Dow Balliett combinedPythagoras' work with Biblical reference. Then on Oct 23, 1972, Balliett's student, Dr. Juno Jordan, changedNumerology further and helped it to become the system known today under the title "Pythagorean".
 
Numerology2
Methods
Number definitions
There are no set definitions for the meaning of specific digits. Common examples include:
[6]
0. Everything or absoluteness. All1. Individual. Aggressor. Yang.2. Balance. Union. Receptive. Yin.3. Communication/interaction. Neutrality.4. Creation.5. Action. Restlessness.6. Reaction/flux. Responsibility.7. Thought/consciousness.8. Power/sacrifice.9. Highest level of change.10. Rebirth.
Alphabetic systems
There are many numerology systems which assign numerical value to the letters of an alphabet. Examples includethe Abjad numerals in Arabic, the Hebrew numerals, Armenian numerals, and Greek numerals. The practice withinJewish tradition of assigning mystical meaning to words based on their numerical values, and on connectionsbetween words of equal value, is known as
gematria
.1= a, j, s; 2= b, k, t; 3= c, l, u; 4= d, m, v; 5= e, n, w; 6= f, o, x; 7= g, p, y; 8= h, q, z; 9= i, r...and are then summed.Examples:3,489
3 + 4 + 8 + 9 = 24
2 + 4 = 6Hello
8 + 5 + 3 + 3 + 6 = 25
2 + 5 = 7A quicker way to arrive at a single-digit "summation" is simply to take the value modulo 9, substituting a 0 resultwith 9 itself.Different methods of calculation exist, including Chaldean, Pythagorean, Hebraic, Helyn Hitchcock's method,Phonetic, Japanese, Arabic and Indian.The examples above are calculated using decimal (base 10) arithmetic. Other number systems exist, such as binary,octal, hexadecimal and vigesimal; summing digits in these bases yields different results. The first example, shownabove, appears thus when rendered in octal (base 8):3,489
10
= 6641
8
 
6 + 6 + 4 + 1 = 21
8
 
2 + 1 = 3
8
= 3
10
 
Numerology3
Pythagorean system
In some cases, in a type of numerological divination, the name and birth date of an individual would be used toanalyze and define personality and propensities, based upon a system implemented by the philosopher Pythagoras.
[7][8]
Chinese numerology
Some Chinese assign a different set of meanings to the numbers and certain number combinations are consideredluckier than others. In general, even numbers are considered lucky, since it is believed that good luck comes in pairs.
Chinese number definitions
Cantonese frequently assign the following definitions, which may differ in other Chinese languages:1.
一   
(j
ɐ
t7)
 —
sure2.
二   
(ji6)
 —
easy (
易   
 /ji6)3.
三   
(sam1)
 —
live (
生   
 /saŋ1)4.
四   
(sei3)
 —
considered unlucky since 4 is a homophone with the word for death or suffering (
死   
 /sei2), yet in theShanghainese, it is a homophone of water (
水   
) and is considered lucky since water is associated with money.5.
五   
(ŋ5)
 —
the self, me, myself (
吾   
 /ŋ4), nothing, never (
唔   
 /ng, m)6.
六   
(luk9)
 —
easy and smooth, all the way7.
七   
(ts
ɐ
t7)
 —
a slang/vulgar word in Cantonese.8.
八   
(bat8)
 —
sudden fortune, prosperity (
發   
 /fat8)9.
九   
(g
ɐ
u2)
 —
long in time (
久   
 /g
ɐ
u2), enough (
夠   
 /g
ɐ
u3) or a slang/vulgar word derived from dog (
狗   
 /g
ɐ
u2) inCantoneseSome lucky number combinations include:99
 —
doubly long in time, hence eternal; used in the name of a popular Chinese-American supermarket chain, 99Ranch Market.168
 —
road of prosperity or to be prosperous together literal translation is "continuing to be wealthy"
 —
manypremium-pay telephone numbers in China begin with this number. It is also the name of a motel chain in China(Motel 168).518
 —
I will prosper, other variations include: 5189 (I will prosper for a long time), 516289 (I will get on a long,smooth prosperous road) and 5918 (I will soon prosper)814
 —
Similar to 168, this means "be wealthy, entire life". 148 also implies the same meaning "entire life bewealthy".888
 —
Three times the prosperity, means "wealthy wealthy wealthy". (E.g., the 2008 Summer Olympics inBeijing were designated by the Chinese officials to begin on the most auspicious date possible to ensure thesuccess of the Games for its hosts: August 8, 2008
 —
on the 8th day, of the 8th month in the 8th year of the newmillennium.)1314
 —
whole lifetime, existence.289
 —
This combination is quite straight forward: ease in finding enough luck/fortune and holding it for a longtime. (2 is easy, 8 is fortune, 9 is enough and/or for a long time)

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