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Static & Dynamic analysis of piping system

Static & Dynamic analysis of piping system

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Published by: karthikeashwar on Jun 10, 2010
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Static and Dynamic Analysis of a Piping System
By
Victor Robles Nieves
A Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillmentof the Requirements for the Degree of:
Master of ScienceInMechanical Engineering
University of Puerto RicoMayagüez CampusDecember 2004 ________________________________ _________________ Basir Shafiq, Ph.D. DateMember, Graduate Committee _________________________________ _________________ Frederick Just, Ph.D. DateMember, Graduate Committee _________________________________ _________________ Oswald Uwakweh , Ph. D. DateRepresentative of Graduate Studies _________________________________ _________________ Jia Yi, Ph.D. DateChairman, Graduate Committee _________________________________ _________________ Prof. Paul Sundaram, Ph.D. DateChairperson of the Department
 
 ii
ABSTRACT
An Investigation of flow-induced vibration is presented in this thesis. Threefinite elements models for the pipe system were developed: a structural finiteelement analysis model with multi-support system for frequency analysis, a fluid-structure interaction (FSI) finite element model and a transient flow model for waterhammer induced vibration analysis in a fluid filled pipe. The naturalfrequencies, static, dynamic and thermal stresses, and the limitation of the pipelinesystem were investigated. The investigation demonstrates that a gap in a supportat the segment k has a negative effect on the entire piping system. It wasdeterminated that the first natural frequency of the whole system occurs at 2.07Hz, and the second at a frequency of 5.65 Hz. Resonance vibration for the firstmode shape was found at a flow rate of 40 lbm/s, and resonance vibration for thesecond mode shape occurs at a flow rate of 275lbm/s. In the warterhammer analysis, the limit maximum flow rates were determinated based on the rate of arapid closure of the isolation valve. A study of the fluid transient in a simple pipeline was performed. Results obtained from FE model for fluid-structureinteraction was compared with a model without considering fluid-structureinteraction effects. The results show notable differences in the velocities profileand deformation due to the fluid-structure interaction effects.
 
 iii
RESUMEN
 
Una investigación de vibración inducida por fluido es presentada en estatesis. Tres modelos de elementos finitos para las tuberías fueron desarrollados: unmodelo estructural de elementos finitos con múltiples soportes para un análisis defrecuencias, un modelo de elementos finitos de fluido estructura y un modelo defluido transiente para análisis de golpe de ariete en una tubería llena de fluido. Lasfrecuencias naturales, estreses dinámicos, estáticos y termales, y las limitacionesde la tubería fueron investigados. Al inspeccionar la tubería, se encontró unespacio entre el segmento K y su soporte. Los resultados indicaron que el espacioencontrado en este segmento tiene un efecto negativo en toda la tubería. Sedetermino que la primera y la segunda frecuencia natural del sistema completoocurre a 2.07 Hz y a 5.65 Hz respectivamente. Para la primera forma de vibraciónfue encontrada resonancia a una razón de flujo de 40 lbm/s, y para la segundaforma de vibración a una razón de 275 lbm/s. Para el análisis de golpe de ariete, ellímite máximo de flujo fue determinado basado en la razón de cerrado de laválvula de aislamiento. Se completó un estudio de flujo transiente para una tuberíasimple. Los resultados obtenidos del modelo de elementos finitos para el caso deinteracción fluido-estructura fueron comparados con el modelo sin el efecto de lainteracción. Se identificaron diferencias significativas entre los modelos.

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