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Treatment of drinking water for emergency use

Treatment of drinking water for emergency use

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Published by: Walla Walla Union-Bulletin on Jun 10, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/15/2013

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Washington State DepartmentofHealthDivision ofDrinking WaterPOBox 47828Olympia,WA98504-7828
 When Do You Need To Treat Drinking Water?
N
ormally your water is safe to drink, but it may need to be treated if your usual water supply isinterrupted or becomes unsafe for drinking.Conditions that may require treatment of drinking  water include:Disasters such as floods, earthquakes and power outages that interrupt your water supply;Water supply system disruption or loss of pressure because of line breaks or repairs;Special conditions under which your water system, local health department, or the StateDepartment of Health informs you that the water should be boiled or treated beforedrinking.
Preparing For Emergencies
 T 
he best way to ensure a safe supply 
 
of 
 
drinking  water is to routinely 
store enough water to last through an emergency.
Although most emergen-cies are unexpected, you may be able to anticipatesituations by watching or listening to weather reports. You should also pay attention to noticesfrom your water system about planned water disruptions or other conditions that could signal aproblem with your water supply. Whether or not you store supplies of water, keepon hand the following items used to treat  water during an emergency:Fresh supply of liquid householdbleach and kitchen measuring spoonsor a medicine dropper (medicinedroppers with both teaspoon andmilliliter markings are availableat drug stores),Equipment (propane or gasstoves, outdoor barbeque grills, etc.) needed toboil water (remember that your usual source of energy may not be available during an emer-gency).
Storing Drinking Water For Emergencies
 T 
o be prepared for a drinking water emergency,the American Red Cross recommends storing 
onegallon of water per person per day 
(two quartsfor drinking, two quarts for each person in your household for food preparation/sanitation). Keep at least a three-day supply of water per person.Extremely warm temperaturesand intense physical activity can double that amount;children, nursing mothers, andill people will need more.
Collect the water from asafe supply.
If you are con-nected to a state-approved public  water system, your water should be consideredsafe unless you have been notified otherwise. If  you have your own supply, contact your localhealth department about 
 
how to have it tested.
Use proper storage containers.
Store the water in containers that are made for water storage, or glass and plastic jugs previously used for juice,milk, pop or bottled water. Clean containersthoroughly before using and make sure that thecontainer has a tight fitting cap.
 Never use containersthat were previously used for pesticides, chemicals, solvents, anti-freeze, oils, etc.
 Add liquid bleach
to the water according to thetables provided at the endof this publication inorder to keep it safe for drinking.
Store in a cool place,safe from flooding,freezing and earthquakes.
It is recommendedthat you use or discard the stored water andreplace it 
 
 with a fresh supply every two months.
One gallonper personper dayOne gallonper personper day
See insidefor liquid chlorinebleach solutionchartSee insidefor liquid chlorinebleach solutionchart
DOH Pub. #331-115 (Revised October 2001)

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