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Bansal Classes Gravitation Study Material

Bansal Classes Gravitation Study Material

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Published by Neil Mahaseth
Bansal Classes Gravitation Study Material
Provided by loookinto.blogspot.com
Bansal Classes Gravitation Study Material
Provided by loookinto.blogspot.com

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Published by: Neil Mahaseth on Jun 10, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/30/2014

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Q.
1
Q.2Q.3
(a)
(b)(c)
(d)
Q.4
Q.5
Q.6Q.7Q.8
,
Q.9(a)
(b)
c)
d)Twosatellitesmovealongacircularorbitinthesamedirectionatasmalldistancefromeachother.Acontainerhastobethrownfromthefirstsatelliteontothesecondone.Whenwillthecontainerreachthesecondsatellitefaster:ifitsisthrowninthedirectionofmotionofthefirstsatelliteorintheoppositedirection?Thevelocityofthecontainerwithrespecttothesatelliteuismuchlessthanthatofthesatellitev.BecausetheEarthbulgesneartheequator,thesourceoftheMississippiRiver(atabout50"Nlatitude),althoughhighabovesealevel,isabout5kmclosertothecentreoftheEarththanisitsmouth(atabout300Nlatitude).Howcantheriverflow"uphill"asitflowssouth?Use-qualitativeargumentstoexplainwhythefollowingfourperiodsareequal(allare84mill,assumingauniformEarthdensity):timeofrevolutionofasatellitejustabovetheEarthlssurfaceperiodofoscillationofmailinatunnelthroughtheEarth,periodofasimplependulumhavingalengthequaltotheEarthlsradiusinauniformfield9.8
mI
S2
periodofaninfinitesimplependulumintheEarth'srealgravitationalfield.AfterSputnikIwasputintoorbit,itwassaidthatitwouldnotreturntoEarthbutwouldbumupinitsdescent.Consideringthefactthatitdidnotbumupinitsascent,howisthispossible?AnartificialsatelliteisinacircularorbitabouttheEarth.Howwillitsorbitchangeifoneofitsrocketsismomentarilyfired.(a)towardsearth,(b)awayfromthe'Earth,(c)inaforwarddirection,(d)inabackwarddirection,and(e)atrightanglestotheplaneoftheorbit?Astoneisdroppedalongthecentreofadeepverticalmineshaft.AssumenoairresistancebutconsidertheEarthlsrotation.WIllthestonecontinuealongthecentreoftheshaft?Ifnot,describeitsmotion,AnironcubeisplacednearanironsphereatalocationremotefromtheEarth'sgravity.Whatcanyousayaboutthelocationofthecentreofgravityofthecube?Dfthesphere?Ingeneral,doesthelocationofthecentreofgravityofanobjectdependonthenatureofthegravitationalfieldinwhichtheobjectisplaced?,
ill/'
Figureshowsaparticleofmassmthatismovedfromaninfinitedistancetothe
f'*-"*''''''~'
/;-'
centreofari~ofmassM,alo~g~hecentralaxisofthe~ing.Forthetri?,how\//,doesthemagnitudeofthegr~Vltationalforceontheparticleduetothermg".'\
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Infigure,aparticleofmassmisinitiallyatpointA,atdistancedfromthecentreofoneuniformsphereanddistance4dfromthecentreofanotheruniformsphere,bothofmassM:>
>
m.Statewhether,ifyoumovedtheparticletopointD,thefollowingwouldbepositive,negative,orzero:thechangeinthegravitationalpotentialenergyoftheparticle,theworkdonebythenetgravitationalforceontheparticle,theworkdonebyyourforce.Whataretheanswersif,instead,themovewerefrompointBtopointC
?
Q
(
(
1-,.-dM
B
c
M
D
Q.IOReconsiderthesituationofabovequestion.Wouldtheworkdonebyyoubepositive,negative,orzero.Ifyoumovedthepartic1e(a)fromAtoB,(b)fromAtoC,
(6)
fromBtoD?(d)Rankthosemovesaccroding
to
theabsolutevalueoftheworkdonebyyourforce,greatestfirst.
4JBansalClassesQuestionBankonGravitation
[21
 
ONLYONEOPTIONISCORRECT.
Takeapprox.
2
minutesforansweringeachquestion.
.'/'1
Alarg~sphericalplan~tofr~dius
R,
madeofamaterialofdensityd,~asaspheri~z1~a:ity.ofradius
9\.
R/2,withcenterofcaVityadistanceR/2fromthecentreoftheplanet.FmdthegraVitationalforceonasmallmass'm'atthecenterofthecavity.,~)2/tRGmd/3(B)/tRGmd/3(C)2/tRGmd(D)4/tRGmd/3A~whataltitudewilltheaccelerationduetogravitybe25%ofthatattheearth'ssurface(givenradiusofearthisR)?
/(A)R/4(B)R(C)3R/8(D)R/2
Q,
3~hatdistancefromthecentreofthem~onisthepointatwhichthestrengthoftheresultantfieldof/earth'sandmoon'sgravitationalfieldisequaltozero.The.earth'smassis81timesthatofmoonandthedistancebetweencentresoftheseplanetsis60RwhereRistheradiusoftheearth
(A)6R(B)4R
(C)
3R(D)
5R
Q.4/Twomasses
m1
&~
areinitiall~atrestand.ar~separated?yaverylargedist~ce.If~hemas~es
/J
approacheachothersubsequently,duetograVitationalattractionbetweenthem,therrrelativevelOCity.-ofapproachataseparationdistanceofdis:
(B)
(m1
+
mJ
G2d
[2GJl12
C)(m1+mJ
d
(D)
(m1
+~)1!2,2Gd,
Let
0)
betheangularvelocityoftheearth'srotationaboutitsaxis.Assumethattheaccelerationduetogravityontheearth'ssurfacehasthesamevalueattheequatorandthepoles.Anobjectweighedattheequatorgivesthesamereadingasareadingtakenatadepthdbelowearth'ssurfaceatapole(d«R)Thevalueofdis
0~
.\
!:
.
/
':
../
(0)..jRg
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t{Ift6
AsphericalholeofradiusR/2isexcavatedfromtheasteroidofmassM·
.-:f
asshowninfig,Thegravitationalaccelerationatapointon·thesurfaceoftheasteroidjustabovetheexcavationis
(A)GM/R2(B)GM/2R2·
Q.7/'
Iftheradiusoftheearthbeincreasedbyafactorof5,bywhatfactoritsdensitybechangedtokeepthe
Z
valueofgthesame?(A)1/25(B)1/5
(C)
1/J5
(0)5
Q,8/'-AmanofmassmstartsfallingtowardsaplanetofmassMandradiusR.Ashereachesneartothe~surface,herealizesthathewillpassthrough
a
smallholeintheplanet.Asheentersthehole,heseesthattheplanetisreallymadeoftwopiecesasphericalshellofnegligiblethicknessofmass2~andapointmassMatthecentre,Changeintheforceofgravityexperiencedbythemanis
3
2GMm
(A)3'R2
4JBansalClasses
IGMm(B)0(C)
3R2
QuestionBankonGravitation
4GMm
(D)3~
[3]

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