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Factory Act 1948

Factory Act 1948

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Published by Aditya

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Published by: Aditya on Jun 11, 2010
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09/29/2010

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FACTORIES ACT, 1948.
 
INTRODUCTION
In India the first Factories Act was passed in 1881. This Act was basically designed to protect children and to provide few measures for health and safety of the workers. This law was applicable to only thosefactories, which employed 100 or more workers. In 1891 another factories Act was passed which extended to the factories employing 50or more workers.
THE FACTORIES ACT, 1948.
 
THE FACTORIES ACT, 1948.
Definition of a Factory:-
³Factory´ is defined in Section 2(m) of the Act. It means any premisesincluding the precincts thereof-i.Whereon ten or more workers are working, or were working onany day of the preceding twelve months, and in any part of which amanufacturing process is being carried on with the aid of power, or is ordinarily so carried on; or ii.Whereon twenty or more workers are working, or were working onany day of the preceding twelve months, and in any part of which amanufacturing process is being carried on without the aid of  power, or is ordinarily so carried on;But does not include a mine subject to the operation of the MinesAct,1952 or a mobile unit belonging to the Armed forces of theUnion, a railway running shed or a hotel, restaurant or eating place.

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