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The Latest Development in Networks and Communications

The Latest Development in Networks and Communications

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Published by maplesea delphinus
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http://www.scribd.com/doc/22600510/The-Latest-Development-in-Networks-and-Communications
Original document:
http://www.scribd.com/doc/22600510/The-Latest-Development-in-Networks-and-Communications

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Published by: maplesea delphinus on Jun 11, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/24/2012

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The Latest Development in Networks and CommunicationsName:
Mohd Nizam bin Mohammad Zawawy
I/C Number:
931117-14-6421
School:
SMK Gombak Setia
 
1.0Introduction
A computer network is a system of interconnected computers and peripheral devices.For example, it may connect computers, printers, scanners and cameras.Communications is about the transfer of information from a sender, across a distance, to areceiver whilst Computers communicate with digital signals. The older forms of communications technology, such as telephones and radios, use analog signals.
2.0Mobile Computing2.1Definition
Mobile computing is a generic term describing one's ability to use technologywhile moving, as opposed to portable computers, which are only practical for usewhile deployed in a stationary configuration. Many types of mobile computers have been introduced since the 1990s, including the:
2.2Specification, Services and Frequencies of Mobile Computing
Personal digital assistants (usually abbreviated to PDAs) arehandheld devices that were originally designed aspersonal organizers,but became much more versatileover the years.The many uses and tasks of a basic PDA include many features:calculating, use as aclock andcalendar,playingcomputer games,accessing theInternet,sending and receivingE-mails,use as a radio or stereo,video recording, recording notes, use as anaddress book,and use as aspreadsheet. Newer PDAs also have both coloor  screens and audio capabilities, enabling them to be used asmobile phones(PDA Phone),web browsersor media players. Many PDAs can access theInternet, intranets  or extranetsviaWi-Fi, or Wireless Wide-Area Networks(WWANs).
 
3.0Internet technology and services3.1VoIP
Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) is a general term for a family of transmission technologies for delivery of voice communicationsover IPnetworks such as theInternetor other packet-switchednetworks. Other terms frequently encountered and synonymous with VoIP are IP telephony, Internet telephony, voiceover broadband (VoBB), broadbandtelephony, and broadband phone.Internet telephony refers to communications services-voice, facsimile, andvoice-messaging applications-that are transported via the Internet, rather than the public switched telephone network (PSTN). The basic steps involved in originating anInternet telephone call are conversion of the analog voice signal to digital format andcompression/translation of the signal intoInternet protocol(IP) packets for transmission over the Internet; the process is reversed at the receiving end.VoIP systems employ session control protocols to control the set-up and tear-down of calls as well asaudio codeswhich encode speech allowing transmission over an IP network asdigital audiovia anaudio stream.Codec use is varied between different implementations of VoIP (and often a range of codes are used); someimplementations rely onnarrowbandandcompressed speech, while others support high fidelity stereocodes.
3.2BLOG
A blog is a type of website, usually maintained by an individual with regular entries of commentary, descriptions of events, or other material such as graphics or video. Entries are commonly displayed in reverse-chronological order.
Many blogs provide commentary or news on a particular subject; others function asmore personalonline diaries. A typical blog combines text, images, and links to other blogs,Web pages, and other media related to its topic. The ability for readers to leave comments inan interactive format is an important part of many blogs. Most blogs are primarily textual,although some focus on art (artlog), photographs ( photoblog), sketches (sketchblog), videos (vlog), music (MP3 blog), and audio ( podcasting).Micro-bloggingis another type of   blogging, featuring very short posts.

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