Political developments in Hong Kong provide a fascinating picture of a polity in transition from a colonyunder British sovereignty to a Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China.ThePrincipal Officials Accountability System (POAS), newly implemented on 1 July 2002, is part of thatcontinuing transformation.This report marks the first collaborative research effort between the National Democratic Institute forInternational Affairs (NDI) in Washington D.C., USAand Civic Exchange in Hong Kong. The primaryauthors of this report are Christine Loh, Chief Executive Officer of Civic Exchange and Richard Cullen,Professor of City University, Hong Kong and Monash University, Australia. Christine Chung, SeniorProgram Officer for Asia Programs at NDI and Eric Bjornlund, NDI Senior Advisor and former SeniorAssociate and Regional Director for Asia, made major contributions to the writing and editing. Wewould like to acknowledge Rajesh Sharma of City University, Hong Kong and Yip Yan Yan of CivicExchange for their research assistance; Laura Paler of NDI for her role in editing; as well as KeithAkers of Monash University, Australia, for his research on ministerial systems upon which Part 8 ofthis report was based. We must also thank Rana Dias of Civic Exchange for the cover design andreport layout.Civic Exchange is an independent, non-profit, public policy think tank based in Hong Kong. CivicExchange’s mission is to promote civil education, public awareness and participation in governance bystrengthening civil participation in public life.Civic Exchange undertakes research in economics, social and political policies and practices to helpshape the breadth and depth of public policy debate and so to advance policies that are sustainable,resilient, non-violent, economically efficient, just, participatory, locally appropriate and spirituallyrewarding. In all its work, Civic Exchange integrates skills and experience across various disciplinesincluding academia, business, politics, finance, technology and the non-profit sectors.The National Democratic Institute for International Affairs is a nonprofit organization that assists in thestrengthening and expansion of democracy worldwide. Calling on a global network of volunteerexperts, NDI supports efforts in countries around the world to improve government performance, toincrease the accountability and transparency of government and to strengthen democracy. NDI’sareas of expertise include election monitoring, strengthening the role of citizen participation ingovernment and other democratic processes, increasing government accountability and transparency,reforming local governance, strengthening legislative systems and processes, training governmentofficials and elected representatives, and institutional capacity-building.In Hong Kong, NDI works with political parties and other democratic activists to encourage publicdiscussion and debate on political reform. The Institute provides both materials and technicalassistance to Hong Kong political parties and civil society organizations seeking to strengthen theirabilities to increase citizen participation in the Special Administrative Region’s political life.
Contact: NDI Contact: Civic Exchange
Christine Chung Christine LohEmail: firstname.lastname@example.org Email: email@example.com M Street, NW, 5thFloor Room 601 Hoseinee HouseWashington DC 20036-3306 69 Wyndham StreetUSAHong KongTel: 202-728-5500 Tel: (852) 2893-0213Fax: 202-728-5520 Fax: (852) 3105-97133
Accountability without Democracy