9-27J. Šarić, Paleolithic and Mesolithic Finds From Prole of the Zemun Loess
the remains of
Elephas cf. primigenius
ments of small singed(?) bones, resin, charcoal andtriangular wedges of
have been found under the foundations of the palace ‘Albanija’ in Terazije inBelgrade and indicating the existence of the Paleo
lithic, according to the author, probably the Gravettiansettlement.
In the period between 1958 and 1984, i.e.for almost thirty years, there have been no new dataabout the Paleolithic nds in the territory of Belgrade.However, in that year (1984) was published a text con
cerning the segment of a large assemblage of chippedstone artifacts gathered on the Danube river bank fewkilometers upstream of Zemun.
Some articles aboutthe excavations in the vicinity of Vršac and the testtrench excavations in the Smolućka pećina were pub
lished in 1984 but also in 1986
and in the years fol
lowing the publishing of these texts the investigationsof the Paleolithic sites throughout Serbia have beenconducted, so there were more published texts withvery signicant results. The results of excavations inthe Šalitrena pećina were published in 1985
and from1985 to 1987 were published the results of investiga
tions in the Smolućka pećina.
New discoveries of thechipped stone artifacts from the Vršac Paleolithic siteswere published in 1989,
and an accidental but very im
portant nd of the Mousterian endscraper from Rušanjwas published in 1990.
Kaludjerović published com
prehensive work in 1991 concerning the Paleolithicin the light of more recent investigations
while theresults of excavations of the Paleolithic sites in the vi
cinity of Vršac were published in the following year.
The data concerning excavations in Drenaića pećinaon Medvednik,
at Kremenac near Niš,
in Mirilovska pećina,
in the cave habitations in the Knjaževac ter
as well as the results of surveying in the Soko banja valley
were published in 1996. The syntheticwork about the investigations of the Paleolithic con
ducted so far in the eastern Serbia was published by D.Mihailović, Lj. Djuričić and Z. Kaludjerović in 1997.
In 2001 after the revision of the osteological materialin the collection of the Institute for Regional Geologyand Paleontology of the Faculty of Mining and Geol
ogy in Belgrade, the academic public was informedabout a very important anthropological nd. It is thefragment of right half of the mandible discovered sometime ago by Prof. V. D. Laskarev but never published.On the basis of the morphological characteristics M.Roksandić and V. Dimitrijević came to conclusion thatthis was an individual belonging to the Upper Paleo
The investigations in Hadži Pro
danova pećina near Ivanjica suggested the existenceof Middle and Upper Paleolithic industry and theseresults were published in 2006.
The most recent ex
cavations at the Petrovaradin fortress near Novi Sad
that brought to light rich Mousterian (and somewhatless abundant Late Paleolithic) assemblage of chippedstone artifacts as well as already mentioned Mousteri
an endscraper from Rušanj are the best proofs that weshould seriously count on the nds from the MiddlePaleolithic stations in the Pannonia region in Serbia.These nds are at the same time obvious conrmationthat the assumption about the existence of the Mous
terian in the Zemun loess suggested already in 1984
was absolutely justied. The most recent results of theinvestigations of the Paleolithic in the territory of Ser
bia are the works of B. Mihailović and D. Mihailovićconcerning the nds from Šalitrena pećina publishedin 2007 and 2008 and the nds from the cave Baranicaalso published in 2008.
The new information resulting from the inves
tigations conducted in the previous years, some newnds from the mentioned site in the vicinity of Zemunas well as the need to revise the published materialfrom Zemun are the reasons for writing this treatise.
Zemun loess plateau and location of the sites‘Ekonomija 13. maj’ and Beljarica
The mountain ridge of Fruška Gora was a barrier,which caused the creation of the Srem loess plateau asa result of accumulation of the loess sand. The Zemunloess plateau is situated in the south east periphery of Srem, bordering on the Danube in the northeast, onthe Sava in the southeast and the line connecting StariBanovci and Boljevci in the west. The loess plateauconsists of alternating layers of light yellow loess anddark layers of the buried i.e. fossil soil.
is a local name for a Miocene limestone occurs in vicinityof Belgrade.4 Stevanović 1977.5 Šarić 1984.6 Kaluđerović 1984; Radovanović 1986.7 Jež i Kaluđerović 1985.8 Kaluđerović 1985, 1986, 1987.9 Joanovič 1989.10 Kaluđerović 1990.11 Kaluđerović 1991.12 Mihailović 1992.13 Kaluđerović i Jež 1996.14 Kaluđerović i Đurić 1996.15 Đuričić 1996.16 Sladić i Jovanović 1996.17 Kaluđerović 1996.18 Mihailović, Đuričić i Kaluđerović 1997.19 Roksandić i Dimitrijević 2001.20 Mihailović 2006b.21 Mihailović 2006a.22 Šarić 1984.23 Mihailović B. and Mihailović D. 2007; Mihailović B 2008; Mihai
lović D. 2008.