Radiology is a stream of medical science that deals with medical imaging. X-ray machines orother such radiation devices are used imaging purpose. Radiology also includes techniquesthat do not involve radiation, such as MRI and ultrasound.Radiology can be classified into two streams that arediagnostic radiology and therapeutic
radiology. Diagnostic radiology is concerned with the use of different imaging modalities toaid in the diagnosis of disease. Diagnostic radiologycan be further classified into multiple
sub-specialty domains. Interventional radiology is one of the sub-specialty areas that usethe imaging modalities of diagnostic radiology to guide minimally invasive surgical
procedures. On the other hand, Therapeutic radiology, also called radiation oncology usesradiation to treat diseases such as cancer.Some of the common imaging modalities are:
Computed tomography (CT)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Nuclear imaging techniquesGeneral radiography: In this imaging modality, x-rays are used to create images and for theevaluation of many bony and soft tissue structures. Fluoroscopy and angiography are someof the special applications of X-ray imaging that have real-time imaging ability.CT scanning: This imaging technique uses X-rays in conjunction with computing algorithmsto image tissues in the body. At times, contrast media is used to delineate anatomy andallow 3D reconstructions of structures, such as arteries and veins.Sonography: Medical ultrasonography uses high-frequency sound waves to visualize softtissue structures in the body in real time and does not involve any radiation.