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Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Diagnosis and Treatment of Various Diseases

Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Diagnosis and Treatment of Various Diseases

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Published by Flavia Lovell

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Published by: Flavia Lovell on Jun 11, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/04/2014

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Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Diagnosis and Treatmentof Various Diseases
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a noninvasive medical imaging technique thathelps physicians diagnose and treat medical conditions. Using this technique, thedoctors are able to visualize detailed internal structure of the human body. MRI usesa powerful magnetic field, radio frequency pulses and a computer to produce detailedpictures of organs, soft tissues, bone and virtually all other internal body structures.In this imaging technique, ionizing radiation is not used.Detailed images produced by this technique help doctors to determine the presenceof certain diseases that may not be assessed properly with other imaging methodssuch as x-ray, ultrasound or computed tomgraphy.Magnetic resonance imaging produces much greater contrast between the different soft tissues of the body ascompared to computed tomography, thereby making it extremely useful inneurological, musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, and oncological imaging.MR imaging of the body is performed to evaluate breasts, blood vessels, organs of the chest and abdomen and pelvic organs. Doctors can evaluate the heart, liver,biliary tract, kidneys, spleen, bowel, pancreas, adrenal glands and reproductiveorgans including prostate and testicles in male and uterus, cervix and ovaries infemales.Doctors using MRI imaging technique to diagnose or monitor treatment for conditionssuch as:
 
Tumors of the chest, abdomen or pelvis
 
H
eart problems
 
B
lockages or enlargements of blood vessels, including the aorta, renal arteries,and arteries in the legs
 
Diseases of the liver, such as cirrhosis, and that of other abdominal organs,including the bile ducts, gallbladder, and pancreatic ducts
 
Diseases of the small intestine, colon, and rectum

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