Abstract- I -
This project explores the domain of Virtual Organizations (VOs), presenting anoverview of the concept, and describing enabling technologies. An analysis of dynamic collaborative organizations in mobile computing environments isprovided, along with a comparison between these new organizational forms andthe existing VO taxonomy.Motivated by the work performed by the MOWAHS project, this report aims tocontribute in understanding VOs, and in continuously assessing and improving thework processes within these.The first part of the report addresses several perspectives of the VO, such as keycharacteristics, factors of emergence, organizational benefits, knowledgemanagement, and coordination. Along with an overview of contemporary researchand enabling technologies, this part constitutes the State-of-the-art evaluation.The second part of the report aims to challenge the way the look at VOs today,and provides a scenario analysis of dynamic collaborative organizations in mobilecomputing environments. The comparison of these organizations to the traditionalVO characteristics, results in an extension of the VO taxonomy to include what wedefine as Mobil Ad Hoc VOs (MAHVOs).MAHVOs are temporary dynamic networks of independent actors withcomplementary core competencies, working towards a common goal in a nomadicenvironment. The co-operation is based on Information and CommunicationTechnology (ICT) as the main facilitator for sharing knowledge and fostering trust.These organizations are enabled through the use of ICT, and the work processescan be improved by using emerging technologies in ubiquitous and mobilecomputing, thus operating in intelligent environments. The latter part of the reportapplies the knowledge and experiences from traditional VOs to the future workingenvironments. This includes extensive use of sensors and actuators serving bothas supporting tools, and as actors in the organization.
Virtual Organizations, Strategic Alliances, Knowledge Management,Mobile Work, Ad hoc Networking, Intelligent environments.