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FIZIK

# FIZIK

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10/24/2012

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MAKTAB RENDAH SAINS MARAPENGKALAN CHEPA
FOLIO PHYSICS
FORCE AND PRESSURE
NAME ; NUR QISTINA BINTI HASSANCLASS ; 4 HAMBALITEACHER ; EN AZMI

3.1 Understanding pressure
Pressure
Pressure is defined as the force acting normally on unit area of a surface.Pressure = Normal forceAreaP = FAF = Force acting perpendicularly on a surface in newton (N)A = Surface area in square metres (m
2
)The SI unit of pressure is pascal (Pa). It is equivilant to a force of 1 newtonacting on a surface area of 1 square metre.1 Pa = 1 N m
-2

Application of pressure
Involving High Pressure Involving Low Pressure
y

W
ays to increase pressure are ;a)

Increase the force orb)

Decrease the area of contact
y

The sole of the football boot hassharp studs which come intocontact with the ground at a highpressure. This gives the player abetter grip of the ground as hedribbles the ball.
y

An ice skate has a narrow metlblade fixed to its sole. The highpressure between the edge of theblade melts the ice allowing theskater to glide smoothly across thesuface of the ice.
y

W
ays to decrease pressure are ;a)

Decrease the force orb)

Increase the area contact
y

The large tyres on tractors have alarge area of contact with theground. The reduced pressure onthe surface of the soil on roadprevented tractor from sinking intothe ground.
y

An elephant is able to move on softground mud because large surfacearea of its feet reduces thepressure on the ground.
W
ith allfour feet on the ground , the totalsurface area is very large. Hence,less pressure is exerted on theground. This also accounts for thebroad base of a crocodile.