(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 8, No.2, 2010
Crying is the first tool of communication for aninfant. These cries seem to be uniform, but there are a lotof differences between two infants’ cries. A mother candistinguish her baby from others according to the crying.An infant cry contains a lot of information about thebaby, as hunger, pain, sleepiness or boredom[4,6,7,8].Crying is a behaviour; in fact, it is a sequenceof behaviour patterns that is part of the largerbehavioural repertoire of the infant. For the neonate andyoung infant, crying is the primary mode of expressingand communicating basic needs and events. For theneonate and young infant, crying is the primary mode of expressing and communicating basic needs and eventsCry is a signal which can be used to evaluatethe neuro respiratory and phonatory functions of theinfants. This is the reason that cry pattern is having somuch of importance in assessing the high risk babies.The abnormal infant cry is associated with chromosomal,endocrine, metabolic, and neurological disturbances, aswell as malnourishment, toxicity and low birth weighti.e. infants with acoustically abnormal cries are also atlong-term risk. It is possible to extract certaininformation from the crying sound and use it to tellwhether the infant is crying due to pain, hunger or someother reason. The analysis of the infant cry involves theextraction of frequency and amplitude parameters fromcry signal based on the values of these parameters infantis classified as normal or abnormal. Since cry is not onefeature valued, it has many frequency and amplitudeparameters. Therefore infant cry constitute the featurevalues in a multidimensional space .For the proper assessment of the disease, aknowledge base (KB) of healthy samples with respect tothat specific disease would be more useful. This thenwill become useful in developing a model whichcontrasts a test sample with the KB of healthy samplesand then declares it as a healthy sample if it tallies withthe KB satisfactorily; else it decides that the sample is anaffected sample. This specific problem of classificationcan be defined as a Matching Problem. The problem willbe a very focused 2-class problem, to be very precise aclass and a complimentary class problem, where classrefers to a healthy class and a complimentary-class refersto an unhealthy class .
A total of 59 infants were considered for the study whichcomprised 35 normal infants and 24 infants with highrisk factor. The infants were from neonatal and sick babywards of JSS hospital, Mysore.
This group comprised of 35 normal infants of the age range less than 24 hrs to 1 month from theneonatal ward of JSS hospital, Mysore. They were bornafter 37 weeks of gestation and their birth cries were
considered normal. They were born to healthy motherswho had normal delivery. The birth weight variedbetween 2500-3500 gms. These infants were consideredto be completely healthy and normal.
This group comprised of 24 infants of the agerange less than 24 hours to 1 month form the sick babyward of JSS hospital, Mysore and with high risk factorlike prematurity, hyper bilirubinemia, jaundice, low birthweight, hypoglycemia, sibling, still birth, consanguinity,family history of speech and hearing problems andmultiple risks like delayed birth cry, tachypnoea, birthasphyxia, hypertension, hypoplasia of fingers, inducedlabour and hypopiturarism.
B. Data collection
Sony digital IC recorder (ICD- P320) which had an in-built microphone was used for recording the infantcries
Laptop (Pentium dual core) with headphone and cablefor line feeding of the signal was used for theanalysis along with PRAAT software (version