6. Convenient instrumentation
The transducer should produce a sufficiently high analog output signal with high signal tonoise ratio. So that the output can be measured either directly or after suitable amplification.
7. Good mechanical characteristic
working conditions – subject to mechanical strainsexternal forces – deformity /affect performance
Transducers – Principle
Transducers converts energy from one form into another and the out put as electricalsignal by using the principal effects like variation in resistance, capacitance, inductance, piezoelectric and thermal effects.
Classification of transducers
Miller index - three dimensional vector[x y z]
input energy, output energy, modulating energy
TransducerMillerindex[x y z]Type description
Transistor [el el el]Modulating shape transducer Thermocouple [th, el, 00] Self-generating input transducerpH meter [ch, el, 00] Self-generating input transducerLED display [el, ra, 00] Self-generating output transducerLCD display [ra, ra, el] Modulating output transducerCoil [ma, el, 00] Self-generating output transducerMagnetoresistor [ma, el, el] Modulating input transducerPhotoconductor [ra, el, el] Modulating input transducer