Preprocessing of video image with unconstrainedbackground for Drowsy Driver Detection
, Dr. M.Arthanari
Assistant Professor, Kongu Arts and Science College, Erode – 638 107, Tamil Nadu, India
Prof. & Head, Tejaa Sakthi Institute of Technology for Women, Coimbatore – 641 659, Tamil Nadu, India
Doctoral Research Scholar, Anna University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, IndiaEmail:firstname.lastname@example.org,email@example.com, , Email:firstname.lastname@example.org
The face recognition includes enhancement andsegmentation of face image, detection of face boundary and facialfeatures, matching of extracted features, and finally recognition of theface. Though a number of algorithms are devised for face recognition,the technology is not matured enough to recognize the face of a personsince the algorithm deal with significant amount of illuminationvariation in image. We propose a new image preprocessing algorithmthat compensates for the problem. The proposed algorithm enhancesthe contrast of images by transforming the values in an intensityimage, so that the histogram of the output image is approximatelyuniformly distributed on pixel. Our algorithm does not require anytraining steps or reflective surface models for illuminationcompensation. We apply the algorithm to face images prior torecognition. Simulation is done using seventy five web camera imagesusing Mat lab 7.0.
Facial recognition, Facial features extraction, Eyedetection
The preprocessing of real image is a crucial aspect inmany useful applications like video coding of faces for videophony, animation of synthetic faces, driver behaviors analysis,word visual recognition, expression and emotion analysis,tracing and recognition of faces. The detection of facialfeatures has been approached by many researchers and avariety of methods exist. Nevertheless, due to the complexityof the problem and illumination changes, robustness andpreprocessing steps of these approaches are still a problem.Most commonly, natural face feature templates taken from realperson are used for a template matching algorithm ,.These templates have to satisfy a set of requirements likeorientation, size and illumination. Therefore preprocessing stepis necessary for at least aligning and size changes. A waveletsbased approach is described in . Face images and facefeatures from a database have to be aligned in orientation andsize in preprocessing step. Both previous described methodsare limited by the used template and face database.In this paper we propose a novel low cost methoddesigned for preprocessing. The preprocessing has three steps.In first steps modified histogram equalization is used toenhance the brightness and contrast of the images. In steps two,median filter is used to remove salt and pepper noise. Third,Binary image are obtained through the thresholding.This paper is organized as follows. Literature surveysare given in section 2. In section 3
we will devote ourselves todiscussing the preprocessing method in detail. Experimentalresults are reported in section 4. Conclusions will be drawn insection 5.
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 8, No. 2, May 2010145http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500