Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
4Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Notes on Sufism, Aunali S Khaku, MD

Notes on Sufism, Aunali S Khaku, MD

Ratings: (0)|Views: 1,095|Likes:
Published by ask1288

More info:

Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: ask1288 on Jun 12, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

03/03/2014

 
Notes on Sufism (2003), Aunali S Khaku, MD
Why is Sufism so controversial? The Sufi tradition is a deeply contested one. Within Islamic circles,Sufis have been criticized as heretics, and often labeled as kafirs.In the scholarly West, Sufism has long been identified as an exotictradition of mysticism, completely detached from Islam. Nevertheless,despite all this criticism, Sufism has flowered and flourishedthroughout the Islamic world, and has often been the driving force forthe spread of Islam.Notions of spirituality and spiritual journey are deeply rooted inboth the Quran and the Sunnah. (5:105, 2:152, 8:2, 22:35…) In Shiism,this has developed into the science of Irfan (gnosis or theoreticalmysticism) (Ernst, 11) whereas in Sunnism, it has crystallized asSufism. (Nasr, 11) Both however have a great deal of overlap, and manyShiis also identify themselves as Sufis. The criticism of Sufism thusis not so much on the existence of a spiritual path (Tariqah), butrather on the way to tackle this path. Sufism has becomecontroversial, been ritual practices of certain orders, on notions of authority and authenticity, and on the social development of Sufism.(Rahim, web)A lot of this criticism is due to ignorance. Many Muslimsthink of Sufism as a separate deviant sect. This view has been shapedby the popular Sufism seen at Sufi saint shrines, and accentuated bystereotype images of Sufis such as the Rufa'ees. The very term Sufism
 
is also deeply contested as it is a Western interpretation of thespiritual dimension of Islam, and hence carries along with it a lotthe stereotypical bias of medieval scholars. (Ernst, 19)A major criticism of Sufism is that it is derived from Christiannotions of monasticism and has over the years incorporated Hindu andother versions of spirituality and is hence impure. Undoubtedly, somerituals of certain Sufi orders do have non Muslim origins and havebeen influenced by other religious traditions. Nevertheless, whetherthis corrupts the whole school of Tassawuf or not is debatable. Thiskind of criticism has gained a great deal of momentum in recent yearsdue to the rising influence Salafabism, (Safi, 49)Perhaps the reason why Sufism is most criticized by the Ulama is thedeviation of certain Sufi orders from the Sharia and the Sunnah. TheRifai Sufi order for instance uses body piercing, shouting and otherbizarre rituals which are in direct opposition to Islamic teachings.Some Sufi orders have Shaykhs who have divorced the world and live inseclusion. (Movie: I am a Sufi, I am a Muslim) despite forbiddance of this practice by both the Quran (57:27) and the Sunnah. Theexcessiveuse of music and dancing, to a state of ecstasy Sufi ritualshas also been a major attacking point against sufis. Furthermore withthe recent commercialization of Qawwali by Nusrat Fateh Ali khan, andgroups like Junoon, the real values of Sufism are being questioned.(Movie, I am a Sufi, I am a Muslim and The Rockstar and the Mullah).In many parts of the Islamic world, Sufis, Dervishes, or Faqeers havebecome identified as vagabonds who are linked with drug use and
 
immorality. Drunkenness and intoxication is explicitly forbidden inIslam, (2:219), yet certain Sufis do use them to attain a state of ecstacy. Sufi poetry is replete with references of indulgencence indrinking wine, and although this has a symbolic meaning, it has alsobeen a cause of much criticism. The real tension however between the Ulama and the A'rifs has oftenbeen one of authority and authenticity. Islam has always been seen asa sober (Ernst, 7,11) Sufi doctrine has often likened the tariqah to radii of circles,hencethey have often Wine drinking, ecstasy, saint worship, aniti Islamic things at sufishrines.BibliographyNasr, Seyyed Hossein: Sufi Essays, 1987Rahim, Bashir: Sufism and Islam.http://al-islam.org/beliefs/spirituality/suffism.html--------------------------------------------------------------------Why is Sufism so controversial? The Sufi tradition is a deeply contested one. Within Islamic circles,Sufis have been criticized as heretics, and often labeled as kafirs.In the scholarly West, Sufism has long been identified as an exotictradition of mysticism, completely detached from Islam. Nevertheless,despite all this criticism, Sufism has flowered and flourishedthroughout the Islamic world, and has often been the driving force forthe spread of Islam.Notions of gnosis Irfan, and spirituality are deeply rooted in boththe Quran (5:105, 2:152, 8:2, 22:35…) and the Sunnah, and they color

Activity (4)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads
banarisali liked this
Saleh Usman liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->