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MS-6

MS-6

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Published by: Filipino Nurses Central on Jun 12, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/25/2014

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PRACTICE TEST QUESTIONSDownloaded from FILIPINO NURSES CENTRAL{www.filipinonursescentral.wordpress.com}
1. Mrs. Chua a 78 year old client is admitted with the diagnosis of mild chronicheart failure. The nurse expects to hear when listening to client’s lungsindicative of chronic heart failure would be:a. Stridorb. Cracklesc. Wheezesd. Friction rubs2. Patrick who is hospitalized following a myocardial infarction asks the nursewhy he is taking morphine. The nurse explains that morphine:a. Decrease anxiety and restlessnessb. Prevents shock and relieves painc. Dilates coronary blood vesselsd. Helps prevent fibrillation of the heart3. Which of the following should the nurse teach the client about the signs of digitalis toxicity?a. Increased appetiteb. Elevated blood pressurec. Skin rash over the chest and backd. Visual disturbances such as seeing yellow spots4. Nurse Trisha teaches a client with heart failure to take oral Furosemide in themorning. The reason for this is to help…a. Retard rapid drug absorptionb. Excrete excessive fluids accumulated at night
 
c. Prevents sleep disturbances during nightd. Prevention of electrolyte imbalance5. What would be the primary goal of therapy for a client with pulmonaryedema and heart failure?a. Enhance comfortb. Increase cardiac outputc. Improve respiratory statusd. Peripheral edema decreased6. Nurse Linda is caring for a client with head injury and monitoring the clientwith decerebrate posturing. Which of the following is a characteristic of thistype of posturing?a. Upper extremity flexion with lower extremity flexionb. Upper extremity flexion with lower extremity extensionc. Extension of the extremities after a stimulusd. Flexion of the extremities after stimulus7. A female client is taking Cascara Sagrada. Nurse Betty informs the client thatthe following maybe experienced as side effects of this medication:a. GI bleedingb. Peptic ulcer diseasec. Abdominal crampsd. Partial bowel obstruction8. Dr. Marquez orders a continuous intravenous nitroglycerin infusion for theclient suffering from myocardial infarction. Which of the following is the mostessential nursing action?a. Monitoring urine output frequentlyb. Monitoring blood pressure every 4 hoursc. Obtaining serum potassium levels daily
 
d. Obtaining infusion pump for the medication9. During the second day of hospitalization of the client after a MyocardialInfarction. Which of the following is an expected outcome?a. Able to perform self-care activities without painb. Severe chest painc. Can recognize the risk factors of Myocardial Infarctiond. Can Participate in cardiac rehabilitation walking program10. A 68 year old client is diagnosed with a right-sided brain attack and isadmitted to the hospital. In caring for this client, the nurse should plan to:a. Application of elastic stockings to prevent flaccid by muscleb. Use hand roll and extend the left upper extremity on a pillow toprevent contractionsc. Use a bed cradle to prevent dorsiflexion of feetd. Do passive range of motion exercise11. Nurse Liza is assigned to care for a client who has returned to the nursingunit after left nephrectomy. Nurse Liza’s highest priority would be…a. Hourly urine outputb. Temperaturec. Able to turn side to sided. Able to sips clear liquid12. A 64 year old male client with a long history of cardiovascular problemincluding hypertension and angina is to be scheduled for cardiaccatheterization. During pre cardiac catheterization teaching, Nurse Cherryshould inform the client that the primary purpose of the procedure is…..a. To determine the existence of CHDb. To visualize the disease process in the coronary arteriesc. To obtain the heart chambers pressure

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