PSS Design Based on RNN and the MFA\FEPControl Strategy
Rebiha Metidji and Boubekeur Mendil
Electronic Engineering Department
University of A. Mira, Targua Ouzemour,Bejaia, 06000, Algeria.Zeblah80@yahoo.fr
The conventional design of PSS (powersystem stabilizers) was carried out using a linearizedmodel around the nominal operating point of theplant, which is naturally nonlinear. This limits thePSS performance and robustness.In this paper, we propose a new design using RNN(recurrent neural networks) and the model freeapproach (MFA) based on the FEP (feed-forwarderror propagation) training algorithm .The results show the effectiveness of the proposedapproach. The system response is less oscillatory witha shorter transient time. The study was extended tofaulty power plants.
Keywords-Power Network; Synchronous Generator; Neural Network; Power System Stabilizer; MFA/FEP control.
INTODUCTIONPower system stabilizers are used to generatesupplementary control signals for the excitationsystem, in order to damp the low frequency powersystem oscillations. Conventional power systemstabilizers are widely used in existing powersystems and have made a contribution in enhancingpower system dynamic stability . The parametersof a classical PSS (CPSS) are determined based ona linearized model of the power system around itsnominal operating point. Since power systems arehighly nonlinear with time varying configurationsand parameters, the CPSS design cannot guaranteegood performance in many practical situations.To improve the performance of CPSSs,numerous techniques have been proposed for theirdesign, such as the intelligent optimization methods, fuzzy logic [3,4,5], neural networks [7,8,9] andmany other nonlinear control techniques [11,12].The fuzzy reasoning using qualitative data andempirical information make the fuzzy PSS (FPSS)less optimizing compared with the neural PSS(NPSS) performance. This is our motivation.The main problem in control systems is todesign a controller that can provide the appropriatecontrol signal to meet some specificationsconstituting the subject of the control action. Often,these specifications are expressed in terms of speed,accuracy and stability. In the case of neuronalcontrol, the problem is to find a better way to adjustthe weights of the network. The main difficulty ishow to use the system output error to change thecontroller parameters, since the physical plant isinterposed between the controller output and thescored output.Several learning strategies have been proposedto overcome this problem such as the supervisedlearning, the learning generalized inverse modeling,the direct modeling based on specialized learning,and so on . In this work, we used our MFA/FEPapproach because of its simplicity and efficiency. The aim is to ensure a good damping of thepower network transport oscillations. This can bedone by providing an adequate control signal thataffects the reference input of the
AVR (automaticvoltage regulator). The stabilization signal isdeveloped from the rotor speed or electric powervariations.The section II presents the power plant model.The design of the neural PSS is described in sectionIII. Some simulation results are provided in sectionIV.II.
THE POWER PLANT MODELThe standard model of a power plant consists of a synchronous generator, turbine, a governor, anexcitation system and a transmission line connectedto an infinite network (Fig.1). The model is built inMATLAB/SIMULINK environment using thepower system Blockset. In Fig.1,
is themechanical power reference,
is the feedback through the governor,
is the turbine output
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 8, No. 2, May 2010217http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500