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Physci-18

Physci-18

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Published by emus4u

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Published by: emus4u on Jun 11, 2008
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05/09/2014

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cÖ_g Avq
 
Aa¨vq
18
Avjvi weQyiY I wec
GK bR‡i cÖkœvewj
msw¶ß DËi cÖ‡kœvËi
cÖkœ : 1| wcÖRg wK?(P. †ev. Õ99; ewi.†ev. 2003;wm.†ev. 2005)cÖkœ : 2| wcÖRg w`‡q Mg‡bi d‡j mv`vAv‡jv KqwU i‡O wewkó nq? G‡`ibvg wK wK?cÖkœ : 3| iOaby Kv‡K e‡j?(Kz. †ev. Õ99; Xv.†ev. 2000)cÖkœ : 4| Av‡jvi we‡¶cY ej‡Z wK eyS?(h.†ev.2006; 2004; iv.†ev. 2004;wm. †ev. 2005; 2001; P.†ev. 2002)cÖkœ : 5| AvKvk bxj †`Lvq †Kb?(wm. †ev. 2001 ; Xv. †ev. 2004;2001 ; Õ99 ; Kz. †ev. 2000 ; h. †ev.Õ05; 2001; iv.†ev. Xv.†ev. P.†ev.2002; h.†ev. Kz.†ev. 2003; e.†ev.2005)A_ev, †gNgAvKvk bxj †`Lvq †Kb?(wm.†ev. 2004)cÖkœ : 6| wZbwU †gŠwjK iO wK wK?
 A_ev,
†gŠwjK iO¸‡jv wK wK? (iv.†ev. Õ06;iv.†ev. 2001 ; Õ99; h.†ev. 2002;wm.†ev. Õ04; Xv.†ev. Õ05)cÖkœ : 7| b
¨bZg wePz¨wZ †KvY wK?(Kz.†ev. Õ06, Xv.†ev. P.†ev. Kz.†ev.Õ99 ; h.†ev. 2000 ; 2003; 2005;iv.†ev. Õ06 01 ; Xv.†ev. Õ05Õ01; ewi.†ev. Õ06, Õ Õ04, Õ02)
Abykxjbxi iPbvg
 jK 
cÖkœ : 1| wcÖRg wK? wcÖR‡g wKfv‡eAv‡jvi wZmiY N‡U wPÎ Gu‡K †`LvI| b
b¨Zg wePz¨wZ †KvY ej‡ZwK eySvq?cÖkœ : 2| iOaby Kv‡K e‡j? iOaby wKfv‡em„nq, wPÎ Gu‡K vL¨v Ki|(iv.†ev. wm.†ev. 2006; Xv.†ev.2002; Õ99; P.†ev. Õ99; ewi.†ev.2003; Kz.†ev. 2005)cÖkœ : 3| Av‡jvi †kvlY I cÖwZdj‡bi d‡jwKfve e¯i eY© wfbœ nqD`vniYmn eY©bv Ki|cÖkœ : 4| Av‡jvi we‡¶cY wK? Av‡jviwe‡¶c‡Yi d‡j N‡U Giƒc wZbwUNUbv e¨vL¨v Ki|
AwZwi³ cÖ‡kœvËi
cÖkœ : 1| jvj dzj jvj †`Lvq †Kb?(ewi.†ev. 2006)cÖkœ : 2| jvj Av‡jv‡Z Mv‡Qi meyR cvZvKv‡jv †`Lvi KviY vL¨v Ki|(wm.†ev. 2006)cÖkœ : 3| Av‡jvi we”QyiY Kv‡K e‡j ?(Kz. †ev. 2000, iv. †ev. Õ99)cÖkœ : 4| w`‡bi †ejvq AvKvk bxj †`Lvq†Kb ?(Pt †evt ;99; h.†ev. 2003)cÖkœ : 5| is aby wKfv‡e m„nq ?(Xv. †ev. Õ99)cÖkœ : 6| m
h©v`q I m
h©v‡¯
i mgqm
jvj †`Lvq †Kb? [wm.†ev.2003]cÖkœ : 6| m
h©v`q I m
h©v‡¯
i mgqm
jvj †`Lvq †Kb? [wm.†ev.2003]
Abykxjbximsw¶ßÑDËicÖ‡kœvËi
cÖkœ : 1| wcÖRg wK?
(P. †ev. Õ99; ewi.†ev. 2003; wm.†ev. 2005)
 
133GUg
gva¨wgK c`v_© weÁvb
D
 
i :
wcÖRg :
wcÖR‡gi msÁv m¤•‡K© wewfbœ c`v_©we` wewfbœaviYv †cvlY K‡ib| G mKj aviYvi †cÖw¶‡Z wcÖR‡gi wbæwjwLZ †h †KvbGKwU msÁv †`qv †h‡Z cv‡i
1.wZbwU ci¯•i‡”Q`x mgZj c„ô Øviv mxgve× GKwU ¯^”Q mgmË¡gva¨g‡K wcÖRg e‡j|2.`ywU ci¯•i †njv‡bv mgZj c„ô Øviv mxgve× †Kvb ¯^”Q mgmË¡cÖwZmviK gva¨g‡K wcÖRg e‡j|3.wZbwU AvqZ‡¶ÎvKvi Ges `ywU wÎfzRvKvi mgZj c„ô Øviv mxgve׆Kvb ¯^”Q mgmË¡ cÖwZmviK gva¨g‡K wcÖRg e‡j|
wPÎ : wcÖRg
wP‡Î
AB
Ges
AC
wcÖR‡gi cÖwZmiY Zj,
A
wcÖRg †KvY,
BC
wcÖR‡gi f‚wgGes
ABC
wcÖR‡gi †Q`|
cÖkœ : 2| wcÖRg w`‡q Mg‡bi d‡j mv`v Av‡jv KqwU i‡O wewkónq? G‡`i bvg wK wK?
DËi :
wcÖR‡g mv`v Av‡jvi we”QyiY :
 wcÖR‡gi ga¨ w`‡q Mg‡bi d‡j mv`v Av‡jv mvZwU i‡O wewkó nq Ges GivwcÖR‡gi f‚wgi w`‡K †eu‡K hvq| wcÖRg †_‡K wbM©Z iwk¥¸‡jv‡K hw`†Kvb c`©vi Dci †djv hvq Zvn‡j c`©vq mvZwU cwÆ
(Band)
†`Lv hvq|Av‡jvi GB cwƇK 
eY©vjx
e‡j|Dc‡ii wP‡Î mv`v Av‡jvi mvZwU i‡O wewkó nIqvi NUbv †`Lv‡bv n‡q‡Q|mv`v Av‡jvK wewkó n‡j †h mvZwU iO cvIqv hvq G‡`i‡K ms‡¶‡cÔ†ebxAvmnKjvÕ ev
 
'VIBGYOR'
 
ejv nq|
cÖkœ : 3| iOaby Kv‡K e‡j?
(Kz. †ev. Õ99; Xv.†ev. 2000)
D
 
i :
iOab
(Rainbow)
:
 
msÁv :
GK ckjv e„wói ci Avevi m
h© DV‡j m
h©i wecix‡Z AvKv‡k †hD¾¡j i‡Oi Aa©e„Ë †`Lv hvq, Zv‡K ejv nq iOaby| iOabyi mvZ iO|
iOabyi m„wó :
GwU GKwU Av‡jvKxq NUbv| cvwbi KYvq m
h©i Av‡jvi cÖwZdjb IcÖwZmi‡Yi d‡j iOaby m„nq| e„i ciciB AvKv‡k A‡bK ¶z`ª ¶z`ª
 
K¨vjwiwgwZ134
cvwbKYv fvmgvb _v‡K| GB cvwb KY‡jv wcÖR‡gi gZ KvR K‡i| d‡jm
h©i mv`v Av‡jvKivwk¥ Gme cvwb KYvi gva¨‡g cÖwZmwiZ n‡qwewfbœ i‡O we”QywiZ nq| G Kvi‡YB m
h©i wecix‡Z aby‡Ki gZ iOabyim„wó nq|
wPÎ : iOaby
cÖkœ : 4| Av‡jvi we‡¶cY ej‡Z wK eyS?
(h.†ev.2006; 2004; iv.†ev. 2004;wm. †ev. 2005; 2001; P.†ev. 2002)
DËi :
Av‡jvi we‡¶cY :
 
msÁv :
Av‡jv GK Kvi Zi½| wewfe‡i Av‡jvi Zi½ ˆ`¨wewfbœ| Av‡jvK Zi½ hLb ¶z`ª ¶z`ª KYvi Dci AvcwZZ nq, ZLb KYv¸‡jvAv‡jvK Zi½ †_‡K kw³ msn K‡i Ges wb‡Riv Avevi Av‡jvK Zi½‡Pvwiw`‡K Qwo‡q †`q| G‡K ejv nq Av‡jvi we‡¶cY|weL¨vZ weÁvbx jW© i¨v‡j cÖgvY K‡i‡Qb †h
 Av‡jvi we‡¶c‡Yi cwigvY
 
Av‡jvi Zi½ ˆ`N©¨ hZ Kg n‡e Zvi we‡¶cY ZZ †ewk n‡e| Av‡jvi Zi½ ˆ`N©¨†ewk n‡j Zvi we‡¶cY ZZ Kg| bxj Av‡jvi Zi½ ˆ`N©¨ me‡P‡q Kg nIqvq Giwe‡¶cYI me‡P‡q †ewk| Avi jvj Av‡jvi Zi½ ˆ`N©¨ me‡P‡q †ewk nIqvq Giwe‡¶cY me‡P‡q Kg|
cÖkœ : 5| AvKvk bxj †`Lvq †Kb?
 
(wm. †ev. 2001 ; Xv. †ev. 2004; 2001 ; Õ99 ;Kz. †ev. 2000 ; h. †ev. Õ05; 2001; iv.†ev. Xv.†ev. P.†ev. 2002; h.†ev. Kz.†ev. 2003; e.†ev.2005)
A_ev, †gNgy³ AvKvk bxj †`Lvq †Kb?
(wm.†ev. 2004)
DËi :
AvKvk bxj †`Lvq :KviY :
Avgiv Rvwb m
h©i Av‡jv mvZwU i‡Oi mgwó| GB mvZ i‡OiAv‡jvi cÖwZwUi Zi½ ˆ`N©¨ Avjv`v| GB c„_K Zi½ ˆ`‡N©¨i Kvi‡YB Zv‡`iiOI wfbœ| m
h©i Av‡jv hLb evqygʇji m
¶¥ a
wjKYv Ges M¨vmAYy‡Z AvcwZZ nq, ZLb m
h©iwk¥i we‡¶cY N‡U|Avgiv Rvwb, we‡¶c‡Yi cwigvY
 
A_©vr †h Av‡jvi Zi½ ˆ`N©¨ me‡P‡q Kg Zv wew¶ß nq †ewk| bxj Av‡jviZi½ ˆ`N©¨ me‡P‡q Kg nIqvq m
h©iwk¥i bxj Av‡jv †ewk wew¶ß nq|ZvB bxj Av‡jv evqygÊj †f` K‡i Avgv‡`i †Pv‡L G‡m †cŠQvq| myZivsAvKv‡ki w`‡K ZvKv‡j Avgiv bxj iO‡K †`wL| GB Rb¨B AvKvk bxj †`Lvq|

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