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1.Teori ETIKA

1.Teori ETIKA

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Published by aanryback

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Published by: aanryback on Jun 14, 2010
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01/15/2013

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1
TEORI ETIKA
Teleology...
an act is considered morally right or acceptableif it produces some desired result, i.e.,pleasure, knowledge, career growth, a self-interest, or utility
assessing the moral worth of a behavior bylooking at its consequences (consequentialism)
 
2
Two TeleologicalPhilosophies...
Egoism: right or acceptable behavior in terms of consequences for the individual
maximize your self-interest, concerned with theconsequences, seeking alternative that contributes themost to self-interests
Utilitarianism: concern with consequences interms of seeking the greatest good for the greatestnumber of people
looking for the greatest benefit for all those affected bya decision
Utilitarianism:
An action is right if and only if it achieves thegreatest good for the greatest number.
Utilitarianism makes moral judgments basedon the consequences of actions, orconsequences of rules of actions
 
3
Deontology:(Greek: deon-duty; logos-science)
An action is right if it is an action of a certainkind; if it is your duty to perform. An action iswrong if it is your duty not to perform.
For example, always wrong to torture, rape,enslave someone, no matter what theconsequences are.
Deontology...
focuses on the rights of the individual and onthe intentions associated with behavior
not 
onthe consequences
believe there are some things we should
not 
do regardless of the utility

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