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Energy

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The United Nations Environment Programme's flagship magazine for environmentally sustainable development.
The United Nations Environment Programme's flagship magazine for environmentally sustainable development.

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Published by: United Nations Environment Programme on Jun 14, 2010
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ENERGY
Gerhard Schroeder
Key to development 
Ted Turner
The energy challenge 
Richard G. Lugar
Plant power 
M. Kannappan
New energy for development 
Margaret Beckett
Delivering change 
Ma Kai
Benign growth 
Leonard Good
Brightening the future 
Volume 14 No 3
Ou
Planet
The magazine of the United Nations Environment Programme
EDITORIAL
Klaus Toepfer and Corrado Clini 
 
14Benign growth
 Ma Kai, Minister in Charge of theState Development and ReformCommission, China
14Green energy
 Liu Shuying, Vice Chairperson of  Jilin Provincial People’s Congress and  National Project Director for  Modernized Biomass Energy, China
16At a glance: Energy18Sustainable dreams
Chin-Chin Gutierrez, award-winning actress and conservationist: interview
19Brightening the future
 Leonard Good, CEOand Chairman of the Global Environment Facility
Ou
Planet
www.ourplanet.com
2
   V  a  n   C  a  p  e   l   l  e  n   /   U   N   E   P   /   T  o  p   h  a  m   W  a   S   h  u  a  n  g  y  a  n   /   U   N   E   P   /   T  o  p   h  a  m
This issue of
Our Planet 
has been made possible by the generosity of the United Nations Foundation/BetterWorld Fund.
The contents of this magazine do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of UNEP, the United Nations Foundation or the editors,nor are they an official record. The designations employed and the presentation do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoeveron the part of UNEP or the UNFoundation concerning the legal status of any country, territory or city or its authority, or concerningthe delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.The non-copyrighted contents of this magazine may be reprinted without charge provided that
Our Planet
and the author orphotographer concerned are credited as the source and the editors are notified in writing and sent a voucher copy.
Our Planet
welcomes articles, reviews, illustrations and photos for publication but cannot guarantee that they will be published.Unsolicited manuscripts, photographs and artwork will not be returned.
Subscriptions:
If you wish to receive
Our Planet
on a regular basis and are not currently on the mailing list, please contact ManiKebede, Circulation Manager,
Our Planet
, for subscription details, giving your name and address and your preferred language(English, French or Spanish).
Change of address
: Please send your address label together with your new address to: Mani Kebede, Circulation Manager,
Our Planet
, UNEP, PO Box 30552, Nairobi, Kenya.
This magazine is printed using vegetable-based inks on paper made from 100 per cent recycled waste material. It isbleached without any damage to the environment.
Our 
Planet
,the magazine of the
United Nations Environment Programme
(UNEP)PO Box 30552, Nairobi, KenyaTel (254 20) 621 234; fax 623 927;telex 22068 UNEP KEe-mail: cpiinfo@unep.orgwww.unep.orgISSN 1013-7394Director of Publication: Eric FaltEditor: Geoffrey LeanCoordinator: Naomi PoultonSpecial Contributor: Nick NuttallCirculation Manager: ManyahleshalKebedeDesign: Roger WhiskerWeb Editor: Chris CypertProduction: BansonPrinted in the United KingdomFront cover: Banson
21 Greening oil
Philip Watts, Chairman of theCommittee of Managing Directorsof the Royal Dutch/Shell Groupof Companies
23Blue-sky thinking
Takeo Fukui, President and CEOof the Honda Motor Co. Ltd 
24Books and products25New energy to assault poverty
Youba Sokona, Head of EnergyProgram, ENDA-TM, Senegal
26New energy entrepreneurs
Francis Yamba, Director of theCentre for Energy, Environment and Engineering, Zambia
28Time to get serious
 Eileen Claussen, President of thePew Center on Global Climate Change
30Breaking the ice
 Maria Maack, Environmental Manager of Icelandic New Energy
32 In my lifetime – 100 per centrenewable
 Amaidhi Devaraj, student of Law at the University of Bangalore, South India
3Editorial
Klaus Toepfer, Executive Director of UNEP, and Corrado Clini, Director General of the Italian Ministry of  Environment and former co-Chair of theG8 Task Force on Renewable Energy
4Key to development
Gerhard Schroeder, Chancellor of theFederal Republic of Germany
6The energy challenge
Ted Turner, Chairman of the United  Nations Foundation
7Plant power
 Richard G. Lugar, Chairman of the USSenate Foreign Relations Committee
8Bioenergy: doing wellwhile doing right
Timothy E. Wirth, President of theUnited Nations Foundation; C. BoydenGray, partner at Wilmer, Cutler &Pickering; John D. Podesta, President of the Center for American Progress
10New energy for development
 M. Kannappan, Minister of Non-Conventional Energy Sources, India
12People13 Delivering change
 Margaret Beckett, Secretary of State for the Environment, Food and  Rural Affairs, United Kingdom
   U   N   E   P   /   T  o  p   h  a  m
 
3
YOUR VIEWS
We would really like to receive your feedback on the issues raised in this edition of 
Our Planet 
. Please either e-mail feedback 
@
ourplanet.com or write to:Feedback, Our Planet 27 Devonshire Road Cambridge CB1 2BH United Kingdom
A
s delegates gather in Milan forthe next round of climate changenegotiations, some may wonderwhy such an event is necessary whenthe Kyoto Protocol, the internationalinstrument for combating global warm-ing, is not yet in force.Surely, they will say, we can achievelittle of substance until 55 countriesrepresenting 55 per cent of theemissions of the industrialized worldhave ratified it.Such doubters should step outsidethe cocoon of gloom and smell theflowers.In Italy – which hosts this ninthsession of the Conference of the Parties(COP9) to the United Nations FrameworkConvention on Climate Change – forexample, energy producers have beenobliged to deliver a fixed amount of re-newable energy into the national gridsince 1999. A national plan for increasingwind and biomass-based energy gener-ation has been established: its fruitsinclude new 800 megawatt capacity forwind, and 10 megawatts from biomass inMaratta Bassa, Umbria.New laws, economic incentives andthe fast tracking of projects – both na-tionally inspired and as part of EuropeanUnion initiatives – have helped improvethe prospects for cleaner energy.Power companies and banks areactively involved, proving yet again thatsaving the planet is a profitable businesswhich generates jobs.Next year Germany will host theInternational Conference on RenewableEnergies. Last October the UnitedKingdom launched its RenewableEnergy and Energy Efficiency Partner-ship (REEEP) and in November Italylaunched the Mediterranean RenewableEnergy Partnership on the occasion ofthe Conference of the Parties to theBarcelona Convention. These are ideasthat were born out of the World Summiton Sustainable Development (WSSD) inJohannesburg last year and modelled onrecommendations made earlier by theG8 Renewable Energy Task Force.Among early success stories are theinstallation of solar power in Brazil, Indiaand Sri Lanka through partnerships inc-luding BP Solar and Shell Renewables.REEEP may be the latest initiative ofits kind, but it is by no means the first –or the last. Last year the Global Networkon Energy for Sustainable Development– involving specialized centres in India,Argentina, Senegal, Kenya and othercountries – was launched atJohannesburg.UNEP and the UN Foundation –whose sister body, the Better WorldFund, has generously supported thisissue of
Our Planet 
– have been de-veloping the Rural Energy EnterpriseDevelopment (REED) programme. It hasthree spin-offs: AREED, in Africa;CREED, in China, and B-REED focusedon the Bahia and Alagoas areas of north-east Brazil. Other supporters include theFund for International Partnerships,E+Co, the Blue Moon Fund, The NatureConservancy and UNEP’s collaborativeRiso centre in Denmark.REED aims to establish networks ofclean energy entrepreneurs andbusinesses in developing countries.AREED, for example, has invested in 15clean energy enterprises, supportingprojects including the manufacturingof efficient cooking stoves, solarwater-heating systems, wind-poweredpumping and improved distribution ofliquefied petroleum gas.Access to energy is essential if theUnited Nations Millennium DevelopmentGoals and the WSSD Plan of Imple-mentation are to be achieved, and theproportion of the world’s people inpoverty is to be halved by 2015.Some 3 billion people rely on dung,coal, charcoal and kerosene for cookingand heating. Inefficient use of thesefuels contributes to indoor and local airpollution, linked to up to 5 per cent ofglobal disease.The Global Environment Facility isbacking an assessment of the solar andwind potential of developing countries.And the Sustainable Energy FinanceInitiative (SEFI), launched only a fewweeks ago at a UNEP Finance Initiativemeeting in Tokyo, Japan, will comple-ment attempts to overcome financialbarriers to a rapid, widespread uptake ofclean energy systems.These are just some projects, part-nerships and initiatives. Others areunderway in the United States, Japanand elsewhere. Clearly not all will besuccessful. Some may wither and die.But many different kinds of flowers areneeded to make a beautiful bouquet, andso many are now blossoming that thereis the real promise of a less carbonintensive future.In Milan we must water this garden sothat the initiatives so actively backed bymany countries, companies andcommunities can be growing stronglywhen the Kyoto Protocol finally entersinto force
EDITORIAL
From the desks of 
KLAUS TOEPFER
United Nations Under-Secretary-General and Executive Director, UNEPand
CORRADO CLINI
Director General of the Italian Ministry of Environment and formerco-Chair of the G8 Task Force on Renewable Energy
Our 
Planet

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