3Introduction5Overview of SchoolFunding Formulas6Beneﬁts of Funding Pre-Kthrough the SchoolFunding Formula9How States Fund Pre-Kthrough the SchoolFunding Formula11Challenges of FundingPre-K through the SchoolFunding Formula14Recommendations16Conclusion17Endnotes
Table of ContentsEducation Reform Series
High-quality pre-kindergarten is the ﬁrst step in education reform. A vast body of researchdemonstrates that early learning programs develop children’s cognitive, social-emotionaland physical readiness for success in school. This solid foundation is proven to contributeto higher literacy and math attainment, lower grade retention, reduced remedial and specialeducation needs and increased high school graduation rates.When students have a high-quality pre-k experience, they are better prepared and motivatedto achieve at higher levels, multiplying the impact of other reforms. The alternative – helpingchildren catch up in later grades – is both more costly and less effective. The evidence isclear and compelling: Successful school improvement plans, like a child’s development,beneﬁt most from investments made in the critical early years.
igh-quality, voluntary pre-kindergarten is asimportant as kindergarten or ﬁrst grade tochildren’s school and life success. Includingearly education in states’ school fundingformulas is among the most effectivestrategies policy makers can use to embedpre-k into the larger publicly supported educationsystem while ensuring that funding is secure,sustainable and adequate to maintain high qualityand can grow with enrollment to meet demand.
Susan K. UrahnManaging DirectorThe Pew Center on the States