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Pre-K Now Formula for Success

Pre-K Now Formula for Success

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Published by Education Justice

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Education Justice on Jun 14, 2010
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09/30/2010

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Formula for Success:Adding High-Quality Pre-K toState School Funding Formulas
Ellen Boylan and Shad WhiteEducation Reform SeriesMay 2010
 
3Introduction5Overview of SchoolFunding Formulas6Benefits of Funding Pre-Kthrough the SchoolFunding Formula9How States Fund Pre-Kthrough the SchoolFunding Formula11Challenges of FundingPre-K through the SchoolFunding Formula14Recommendations16Conclusion17Endnotes
Table of ContentsEducation Reform Series
High-quality pre-kindergarten is the first step in education reform. A vast body of researchdemonstrates that early learning programs develop children’s cognitive, social-emotionaland physical readiness for success in school. This solid foundation is proven to contributeto higher literacy and math attainment, lower grade retention, reduced remedial and specialeducation needs and increased high school graduation rates.When students have a high-quality pre-k experience, they are better prepared and motivatedto achieve at higher levels, multiplying the impact of other reforms. The alternative – helpingchildren catch up in later grades – is both more costly and less effective. The evidence isclear and compelling: Successful school improvement plans, like a child’s development,benefit most from investments made in the critical early years.
igh-quality, voluntary pre-kindergarten is asimportant as kindergarten or first grade tochildren’s school and life success. Includingearly education in states’ school fundingformulas is among the most effectivestrategies policy makers can use to embedpre-k into the larger publicly supported educationsystem while ensuring that funding is secure,sustainable and adequate to maintain high qualityand can grow with enrollment to meet demand.
Susan K. UrahnManaging DirectorThe Pew Center on the States
H
 
States’ Use of School Funding Formulasto Support Pre-K
School Funding Formula with Unrestricted EligibilitySchool Funding Formula with Restricted EligibilityNon-School Funding Formula with Unrestricted EligibilityNon-School Funding Formula with Restricted EligibilityNo State Support for Pre-KPolicy makers have the discretion tocap funding or enrollment levels.
Note: “Unrestricted eligibility” means a state has no formal eligibilitycriteria for admission into pre-k programs or that a state has in statutea goal to serve all children by a certain date. It does not necessarily meanthat all children currently have access to state pre-k. First, most suchstates do not require all districts to provide early education. Second, insome states, funding is not yet available to completely meet demandor expansion goals.Sources: W. Steven Barnett et al., “The State of Preschool: 2008 StatePreschool Yearbook,” (New Brunswick: National Institute for EarlyEducation Research, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 2009).http://nieer.org /yearbook/pdf/yearbook.pdf. The information for Alaskaand Rhode Island is based on “Request for Applications - Alaska PilotPre-Kindergarten Project (AP3),” (Juneau: Alaska Department ofEducation and Early Development, 2009). http://www.eed.state.ak.us/ forms/PreElementary/05-09-028.doc; “Rhode Island Pre-K DemonstrationProject: Frequently Asked Questions and Answers,” (Providence: RhodeIsland Department of Education, 2009). http://www.ride.ri.gov/Special_Populations/earlychild/Docs/Pre-_Demonstration_Project_FAQ.pdf.All other information drawn from the sources shown for Table 1 on p. 4.
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