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A service of Yeshiva University Center for the Jewish Future. The Halachic opinions in this document do not necessarily represent those of Yeshiva University or the Rabbi Isaac Elchanan

Theological Seminary.

Frequently Asked Questions
about the Three Weeks and
Nine Days

Compiled by R. Joshua Flug
Thanks to R. Larry Rothwachs for his assistance in highlighting the relevant
topics
If you have any further questions regarding the opinions in this document,
please submit your questions to the Rabbinic Resource Center.

Please note:
This manual is not meant to be printed
as is. Please follow the instructions
below:

1) This was intentionally written as a word file so that you have the ability to edit it. You have the option to change any of the answers and add or remove questions.

2)We tried to incorporate as many opinions as possible. Opinions of
Shulchan Aruch, Rama and Mishna Berurah are in black.All text that

is colored represents other opinions and you must decide which opinion to follow. In some cases you must delete the opinions that you are not following in order for the answer to make sense.

3)In order to change the color of the text, select it and click the arrow of
this icon on the toolbar:

A service of Yeshiva University Center for the Jewish Future. The Halachic opinions in this document do not necessarily represent those of Yeshiva University or the Rabbi Isaac Elchanan

Theological Seminary.
4)This file includes a footnoted version and a non-footnoted version. The

non-footnoted version can fit on two sides of a page after you delete the opinions that you are not following. [You may also have to delete one or two questions in order for it to fit.]

A service of Yeshiva University Center for the Jewish Future. The Halachic opinions in this document do not necessarily represent those of Yeshiva University or the Rabbi Isaac Elchanan

Theological Seminary.
Frequently Asked Questions about the Three Weeks and
the Nine Days
1) Can you please provide some background to the mourning practices
observed during this period?

The three week period between Shiva Asar B'Tammuz and Tisha B'Av is known as the Bein HaMetzarim (literally, between the boundaries) period. It is known colloquially as "The Three Weeks." During this period, we observe certain mourning practices to commemorate the destruction of the Beit HaMikdash. The degree of mourning intensifies as we approach Tisha B'Av. The second level of mourning begins on Rosh Chodesh Av and is commonly known as "The Nine Days." The third level of mourning begins the Saturday Night1 precedingTi sha

B'Av and is known as "shavu'a shechal bo." The most intense form of mourning
is observed on Tisha B'Av itself.
2) Do the restrictions apply to children? Does it matter what age they
are?
In general these restrictions apply to children, not only to train them, but in
order to invoke a feeling of mourning among the adults who tend to children.2
One may be lenient regarding restrictions on children during the Three Weeks
and the Nine Days and only observe these restrictions during shavu'a shechal
bo.3One is not required to observe these restrictions during the Three Weeks,
only during the Nine Days.4Nevertheless, the needs of a child are comparable

to the needs of an adult who is ill. Therefore, one may launder the soiled clothing of a child;5 bathe a child who is in need of a bath;6 and give a child meat if it is necessary for his diet.7

3)Is it permissible to shave during the Three Weeks?
It is permissible to shave during the Three Weeks if one appears unkempt.
During the Nine Days, one should not shave.8
(However,) If not shaving may
lead to a loss of money, one may shave during the Three Weeks and the Nine
1 If Tisha B'Av occurs on Shabbat and is delayed until Saturday Night, there is a dispute
whether shavu'a shechal bo is observed in the previous week. See Shulchan Aruch, O.C.
551:2.Shulchan Aruch seems to rule leniently.
2 Mishna Berurah5 51 :8 1.
3 Chayei Adam, cited in Mishna Berurah551:82. Mishna Berurah quotes others who
disagree.

4 R. Ya'akov Bloi, Chanoch LaNa'ar 21:2.
5 Rama, O.C. 551:14.
6 Mishna Berurah5 51 :9 3.
7 See Mishna Berurah 551:61, regarding an adult with such a need.
8 R. Yosef D. Soloveitchik in Shiurei HaRav Al Inyanei Aveilut V'Tisha B'Av, Tisha B'Av pp. 20-

21.

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