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Soil Test

Soil Test

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Published by natarajannalanth
This doc contains procedure for carrying out various soil tests
This doc contains procedure for carrying out various soil tests

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Published by: natarajannalanth on Jun 15, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/13/2013

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 A BOOKLET ON
GEOTECHNICAL TESTING
FOR RAILWAY ENGINEERS
 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 
 
SPECIALLY TO INDIAN RAILWAYS 
SUGGESTIONS ARE WELCOME 
LABORATORY & FIELD TESTS
SOIL TESTS
COMPACTIONCONSOLIDATIONTRIAXIAL SHEARGRAIN SIZE ANALYSISATTERBERG LIMITSDIFFERENTIAL SWELLNUCLEARMOISTURE GAUGERELATIVE DENSITYCORE CUTTER I MOISTURE CONTENT I SPECIFIC GRAVITY I PERMEABILITYIMPACT I ABRASION I WATER ABSORPTION
I
BLANKET MATERIAL
GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING DIRECTORATER D S O, LUCKNOW-226011
 
 
REFACE
 
GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERINGDIRECTORATE, R D S O
Simple soil tests are required for assessing quality of earthwork on Railway projects. These tests play an important role in maintaining quality of earthwork and thereby the performance of Railway formation. However, in field, whileconducting stage inspections on zonal railways, it has been observed that thetesting procedures vary which affects the soil testing results thereby affecting the quality of work done. Lack of knowledge and proper understanding of rele- vant specifications have also contributed to this situation.In order to improve the situation, regular one week course on “Quality Control on Construction Projects” have been started at Geotechnical Engineer-ing Directorate of RDSO, where detailed procedures for various tests are ex-plained. An abridged version of procedure of soil testing has been framed sothat it is easy for the field supervisors involved in earthwork projects, to under-stand and appreciate the testing methods. In abridging, we have tried to preparethis compilation very brief. For details relevant IS code as referred for each testneeds to be gone through. The tests in this booklet have been divided into four categories i.e. a) Tests for soil, b) Tests for Ballast, c) Test for Blanket material and d) Fieldtests. Testing of blanket material for use on railway formation developed by RDSO, which has been standardised, has also been included.It is hoped that the booklet will prove useful for our field supervisors inimproving quality control of earthwork and ballast apart from designing slopethrough slope stability analysis.Suggestions for further improvement of this booklet may be sent to Geo-technical Engineering Directorate of RDSO.
 
RDSO
Nand Kishore
 Lucknow Executive Director0
4
/
11
/200
4
Geotechnical Engineering DirectorateR D S O
 Page 2
 
 Table of Contents
 Preface
2
Table of Contents
3
Tests for Soil :
Moisture Content by Oven Dry Method 4 Natural Moisture Content & Dry Density Test 5 Particle Size Distribution Test 
 Liquid limit
 Plastic limit 
8
Shrinkage limit 
9-10
 Free Swell Index 10
 
Consolidation
11-12
Specific Gravity
13
Compaction
14
 Relative Density 15
 
 Permeability
16-17 
Unconfined Compression Strength 18 Direct Shear 
19
 Triaxial 20
Tests for Ballast :
 Impact 21Water Absorption 22 Abrasion 23
Test for Blanket Material 
24-25
Field Tests : Moisture content & Dry density
 By Calcium Carbide Method 26  By Core Cutter Method 27  By Sand Replacement Method 28-29 By Nuclear Moisture Density Gauge 30
 
GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERINGDIRECTORATE, R D S O
 Page 3

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