one desires to make mention all the year round he may do so. Rabbi says: I hold the view that whenone ceases to pray [for rain]
one should also no longer make mention of it. R. Judah b. Bathyrasays: On the second day of the Feast one [begins] to make mention. R. Akiba says: On the sixth dayof the Feast. R. Judah says in the name of R. Joshua: The last to step before the Ark on the last dayof the Feast makes mention, the first does not; on the first day of Passover the first makes mention,the last does not. Did not then R. Eliezer reply well to R. Joshua?- R. Joshua can answer you: It isquite in order to make mention of the Revival of the Dead [all the year round], since any day may beits time, but is rain seasonable at all times? Have we not learnt: Should Nisan terminate and then rainfall it is a sign of [God's] anger, for it is said, Is it not wheat harvest to-day etc.?
‘R. Judah b. Bathyra says: on the second day of the Feast one [begins] to make mention’. What isR. Judah b. Bathyra's reason? — It has been taught: R. Judah b. Bathyra says, Of the second day of the Feast, Scripture Says, we-niskehem,
[‘and their drink-offerings’] and of the sixth day,u-nesakeah
[‘and its drink-offerings’] and of the seventh day, kemishpatam
[according to theirrule]. Note [the letters] Mem, Yod, Mem which form the word mayim [‘water’].
Here you have thebiblical allusion to the Libation of Water. And what makes him [R. Judah b. Bathyra] fix it on thesecond day? — Because [the first of the allusions to the Water Libation] is found in connection [withthe order for] the second day. Hence why we should [begin] to make mention on the second day. R.Akiba says: On the sixth day of the Feast one [begins] to make mention, for of the sixth dayScripture says, And its drink-offerings.
Scripture thus speaks of two libations,
the Libation of Water and the Libation of Wine. Perhaps both Libations must be of wine? — He [R. Akiba] is of thesame opinion as R. Judah b. Bathyra who said, There is an allusion to water.
Gen. XXX, 22. R. Joshua stresses the connection between
key (lit., opener’) and the verb
to open, inthe verses cited.
Ezek. XXXVII, 13.
Ps. CXLV, 16.
Since it comes through rain.
The Palm-branch. Term applied to the Four Plants used in the service on Tabernacles. Cf. Lev. XXIII, 40.
[The vessel for the Water Libation was filled the preceding evening, v. Suk. 51 b. Aliter: The drink-offerings of winebrought in conjunction with animal sacrifices could be offered on the evening following the animal sacrifice, v. p. 4,n.1.]
Num. XXIX, 18.
[On this first interpretation of Rashi this verse is irrelevant and is to be omitted, v. Rashi. On the secondinterpretation the argument will run as follows: Should R. Eliezer deduce his opinion from the Water Libation, themention of rain would have to be mentioned in the evening, seeing that the evening is a time at which drink-offerings (of wine) may be offered. Once, however, it is granted that the mention of rain starts on the evening, it will have to be thepreceding, so as to be on the same day as the Water Libation (the night always being counted with the following day). V.Tosaf, s.v.
. On this interpretation the text should read as ‘Libation (not ‘Water Libation’) may be on theevening’, v. Me'iri a.I. where also other interpretations of this difficult passage are given.]
On the seventh day of the Feast.
V. Suk. 37b.
In the second benediction.
On the first day of Passover.
I Sam. XII, 17.
Num. XXIX, 18.
, and the
taken, together spell the word,
The plural form implies (at least) two drink-offerings. [It is taken to refer to the festival, in contradistinction to thephrase, ‘their drink-offering’ mentioned in the sixth day where ‘their’ has reference to the sacrifices.]
On the Festival of Tabernacles.