Depicting the Good and the Evil, a Treasure Chest of Values:John Steinbeck’s Novel,
as a Parable
Perhaps one of the shortest novels ever written yet a trueclassic, John Steinbeck’s
can be considered a parable, astory of values and teachings of God. The story of the pearl embarkson the family of a fisherman living in a shabby little house in La PazMexico, a very unfortunate event made him dive into the ocean wherehe found the great pearl, a pearl as big as a sea gull’s egg. Thisdiscovery turned his family’s life around as he kept on protecting thepearl against trackers that wanted to get it from him.A parable is a brief story, proverb or saying which expressesmoral. They conceal complex ideas through simple situations in thestory.
Parables tell us two stories at the same time, a surface storyand a symbolic story that is coherent with the literal story. It embodiesa conflict of values which turns out to give emphasis to the significantvalues implied by the story as it coexists with other values.
Oftenassociated with the illustration of man’s relation with God, a parableuses allegory to imply an abstract subject.
Conflict of values suggests that many life lessons are intertwinedin the story. Different perspectives of which, arise throughout the plot.If a novel is a parable, it should exhibit a series of conflict of values as
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Gonzaga, Joni Mae D.Eng2- F505February2010