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MASSACHUSETTS

INSTITUTE

OF

TECHNOLOGY

Department

of

Electrical

Engineering

and

Computer

Science

6.003: Signals and Systems—Fall 2003
Problem Set 8 Solution
Exercise for home studyO&W 8.35
(a)

From

the

system

diagram,

we

see

that
z
(
t
) =

x
(
t
)cos

(
ω
c
t
)
Using

the

multiplication

property
1
(
jω
) =2
π
(
(
jω
)

∗FT{
cos

w
c
t
}
)

FT

of

cos

w
c
t

is

two

impulses

with

area

π

at

±
w
c
.
of

(
jω
)

shifted

to

be

centered

at

ω
c

and

ω
c

and

scaled

by
Therefore,

(
jw
)

is

the

spectrum
1212
π

×
π

=

.

The

real

and

imaginary

parts

of

(
jω
)

are

shown

below:

Re{
Z(j
ω
)
}
1/21/2
−ω
c
ω
ω
−ω −ω
mc
−ω +ω
mc
−ωω
c
ω
cmcm
Im{
Z(j
ω
)
}
− 1/2
mcmcmcc
1/2
−ω +ω−ω −ω −ωωω
ω
m
To

ﬁnd

FT

of

p
(
t
),

let

us

ﬁrst

deﬁne

a

signal,

q
(
t
),

such

that:

π
2
,

2
w
c
q
(
t
) =

0
,

|
w
|

π

w >

2
w
c
| |
1

Therefore,

+

2
π

p
(
t
) =

q
(
t
)

δ
(
t

n

w
c

)

1

n
=
−∞

Taking

Fourier

transform,

4sin(

πω

)

(
jω
) =

2
ω
c

ω
c

δ
(
ω

c
)

2
πδ
(
ω
)
ω

k
=
−∞

Following

is

the

plot

of

(
jw
).

m
{
(
jw
)
}

= 0.

P(j
ω
)
c
−2ω−ω
cc
−3ω
c
−4ω
c
−5ω
c
−6ω
c
ω
c
c
c
c
c
ω
0
4 4
Note

that

the

impulse

at

the

origin

disappeared

in

the

above

graph

because

of

the
subtraction

with

2
πδ
(
ω
).
Now,

using

the

multiplication

property

again,

(
jω
) =

21
π

(
(
jω
)

(
jw
)).
The

real

and

imaginary

part

of

(
jw
)

is

shown

below:
Re{
Y(j
ω
)
}
π
−2ω 2ω
2ω
−2ω−ω
m
−2ω
c
m
−ω
m
ω
m
c
−ω
m
c
mccc
2πω
Y(j )
Im{ }
−ω
mc
−2ω
mc
−2ω
m
−ωω
m
−ω
mc
mc
ω
2

(b)

To

let

x
(
t
) =

v
(
t
),

we

must

retain

the

frequency

content

between

±
w
m

of

(
jω
) and

scale

it

properly.

Therefore,

(
jω
)

is

a

low-pass

ﬁlter

with

cutoﬀ

frequency

at

ω
m

and

gain

π

2
, as

sketched

below:

H(j
ω
)
π2ω−ω ω
m m
3