4. It was a sunset of great beauty.
A GROUP OF WORDS WITHOUT A FINITE VERB IS APHRASE. A phrase usually forms part of a sentence:E.g. –1. She is a girl with short hair.Here Short Hair is a phrase (NON-FINITE CLAUSE) because it has nofinite verb.BUT SHE IS A GIRL is a CLAUSE (FINITE CLAUSE) because it has asubject and a finite verb. 2. He has a chain of gold.3. He has a chain which is made of gold.Which is made of gold –CLAUSEThe first group of words is PHRASEThe second of words , unlike the phrase of G. contains a SUBJECT(WHICH) AND A PREDICATE(IS MADE OF GOLD) =- IT IS ACLAUSE.
COMPLEX SENTENCE : STRUCTURE
A COMPLEX SENTENCE HAS TWO CLAUSES ONE PRINCIPALCLAUSE/MAIN CLAUSE AND ONE OR MORE SUBORDINATECLAUSES/DEPENDENT CLAUSEStudy the following sentences:1.I know where she lives.2.I think that he acted wisely.3.We shall leave when it is fine.Each sentence is composed of two clauses. One principal Clause, whichmakes complete sense of itself and does not depend on other clauses.‘ I KNOW’, ‘I THINK’ and ‘WE SHALL LEAVE’ are the PRINCIPALCLAUSES.Principal clause is the clause which does not depend for its meaning onanother clause.‘WHERE SHE LIVES’, THAT HE ACTED WISELY’, & ‘WHEN IT ISFINE’ are SUBORDINATE CLAUSES
always depend on the principal clause tomake complete sense (depend on P.C. for its meaning)