|Views: 808|Likes: 2

Published by Oxford University Press Children and Schools

Try this Oxford GCSE Maths for Edexcel New 2010 Edition Spec A Foundation Student Book sample material

Try this Oxford GCSE Maths for Edexcel New 2010 Edition Spec A Foundation Student Book sample material

See more

See less

N6

O r i e n t a t i o n

What I will learnWhat thisleads to What I needto know

Recognise and use squares and cubes,and corresponding roots

Multiply and divide by powers of 10

Recognise prime numbers and usedivisibility tests

Understand and use the terms factor and multiple

Find the highest common factor and least common multiple

3

N1N2

1

Calculate

a

7

7

b

2

2

2

c

10

10

10

d

32

100

2

Find the missing number in this calculation.___

___

25

3

Does 244 divide by 4?Explain how you know.

C h e c k i n R i c h t a s k

This diagram shows a 5 by 3 rectangular grid o squares.The main diagonal o the rectangle passes through seven o the squares.What is the connection between the length and width o the rectangle andthe number o squares crossed by the main diagonal?

Introduction

When you use the internet to pay or goods you need to know that your inancial detailsare sae. To make these details secure they are turned into a secret code (encrypted).The message can be encrypted using the product o two very large prime numbers – theperson receiving the message has to know both o these prime numbers so that theycan decrypt the message.

What’s the point?

The problems involved in identiying very large prime numbers make it very diicultor someone intercepting an encrypted message to crack the code.

P o w e r s ,r o o t s a n d p r i m e s

N5

Probability revision

240

240241

241

A O 3

Grade E

You can say 4

3

inlots o dierentways:4

3

‘4 to thepower o 3’

‘4 cubed’

‘the cubeo 4’You can say 5

2

inlots o dierentways5

2

‘5 to the

power

o 2’

‘5 squared’

‘the squareo 5’You will not beallowed to usea calculator inyour Paper 1assessment.

●

A

square

number is the result of multiplying a

whole

number by itself.

This spread will show you how to:

●

Use square and cube numbers

●

Use the square and cube unctions o a calculator

Squares and cubes

Exercise N5.1

1st square 2nd square 3rd square 4th squarenumber number number number

1 4 9 16

1

1

1

2

2

2

2

2

3

3

3

2

4

4

4

2

Square numbers can be written using

index

notation.5

2

5

5 12

2

12

12

25

144Use the

x

2

function key on a calculator to find the square of a number.To find 34

2

, type

3 4

x

2

The display should read 1156.

●

A

cube

number is the result of multiplying a whole number by itself and thenmultiplying by that number again.

Cube numbers can be represented using 3-D drawings of cubes.

1st cube 2nd cube 3rd cube 4th cubenumber number number number

1 8 27 64

1

1

1 2

2

2 3

3

3 4

4

4

1

3

2

3

3

3

4

3

Cube numbers can be written using index notation.4

3

4

4

4 14

3

14

14

14

64

2744Use the

x

3

function key on a calculator to find the cube of a number.To find 19

3

, you would type

1 9

x

3

The display should read 6859.

1

Find these numbers.

a

the 4th square number

b

the 8th square number

c

the 20th square number

d

the 5th cube number

e

the 7th cube number

f

the 10th cube number

2

Use your calculator to work out each of these squares and cubes.

a

6

2

b

11

2

c

14

2

d

23

2

e

31

2

f

47

2

g

4

3

h

6

3

i

8

3

j

13

3

k

18

3

l

21

3

P r o b l e m

3

Some numbers can be represented as the sum of two squarenumbers.For example 1

2

2

2

1

4

5.Try to find all the numbers less than 50 that can be representedas the sum of two square numbers.

4

Use your calculator to work out each of these.

a

3

2

2

2

b

5

2

3

2

c

6

2

2

3

d

4

3

4

2

e

10

2

8

2

f

13

2

4

3

g

14

2

5

3

h

6

3

13

2

i

12

2

13

2

14

2

j

6

3

7

3

8

3

5

Use the

x

2

and

x

3

function keys on your calculator to work out eachof these. Give your answer to two decimal places as appropriate.

a

2.5

2

b

49

2

c

3.2

3

d

4.8

2

e

7.3

2

f

4.9

3

g

1.2

2

h

0.5

2

i

9.9

2

j

9.9

3

k

(5 cm)

2

l

(4 m)

3

N5.1

Keywords

CubeIndexPowerSquare

A O 3

Consecutivemeans ‘next to’,or example 4and 5

P r o b l e m

6

a

Work out these.3

2

2

2

__ 4

2

3

2

__ 5

2

4

2

__

b

Write anything you have noticed about your answers.

c

Copy and complete this table and investigate for the next sevenpairs of consecutive integers.

Squarenumber Squarenumber Answer

3

2

2

2

3

2

2

2

9

__4

2

3

2

4

2

3

2

16

__5

2

6

2

Probability revision

242

242243

243

A O 2 A O 3

Grade D

Exercise N5.2

●

A

square root

is a number that when multiplied by itself is equal to a given number.

7

7

49 so you can say that the square root of 49

7.

●

Square roots are written using

√

__

notation.

√

___

49

7You should try to learn the first 10 square numbers, then you will alsoknow their square roots.

1st square number

1

1

1

√

__

1

12nd square number

2

2

4

√

__

4

23rd square number

3

3

9

√

__

9

3

You can estimate the square root of a square number.Use the

√

__

x

function key on a calculator to find the square root of a number.To find

√

____

289 , you would type

2

9

x

8

The display should read 17.

●

A

cube root

is a number that when multiplied by itself and then multiplied byitself again is equal to a given number.

2

2

2

8 so the cube root of 8

2 or

3

√

__

8

2Use the

3

√

__

x

function key on a calculator to find the cube root of anumber.To find

3

√

_____

1728 , you would type

1 827

x

3

The display shouldread 12.

Square roots and cube roots are often not whole numbers so you usuallyround your answer to two decimal places.

√

____

300

17.320 508 08...

17.32 (2 dp)

This spread will show you how to:

●

Estimate and use square roots and cube roots

●

Use the square root and cube root unctions o a calculator

Square roots and cube roots

N5.2

Keywords

Cube rootSquare root

You will not beallowed to usea calculator inyour Paper 1assessment.

1

Find these numbers.

a

√

___

25

b

√

__

9

c

√

___

16

d

√

__

1

e

√

__

4

2

Calculate these using a calculator, giving your answer to 2 dp asappropriate.

a

√

___

40

b

√

___

61

c

√

____

180

d

√

____

249

e

√

____

676

3

Calculate these using the

3

√

__

key on your calculator. Give your answersto 2 dp where appropriate.

a

3

√

___

27

b

3

√

____

512

c

3

√

_____

3375

d

3

√

____

100

e

3

√

_______

24 389

6

Do not use a calculator for these questions.

a

Between which two numbers does

√

___

95 lie?

b

Between which two numbers does

√

____

150 lie?

c

Between which two numbers does

√

____

300 lie?

d

Between which two numbers does

3

√

___

80 lie?

F u n c t i o n a l M a t h s

5

a

A square has an area of 144 m

2

. What is the side lengthof the square?

b

John thinks of a number. He multiplies the number by itself.The answer is 529. What number did John think of?

c

Mr Mow designs a paddock. The paddock has to be in theshape of a square. The area of the paddock has to be 4000 m

2

.What length should each of the sides of the paddock be? (Giveyour answer to the nearest metre.)

d

Nelly digs a hole in the shape of a cube. The volume of theearth she digs out to make the hole is 64 000 cm

3

. How deepis the hole?

P r o b l e m

4

Harry has mixed up his answers to these questions.

a

Without using a calculator, match each of these questions to thecorrect answer.

Estimates A B C D E F G H

98 74 11131014

Questions 123 4 5 6 7 8

1693431218164 100019664

333

b

Check your answers using your calculator.

See how many of the questions and answers you matchedcorrectly.

E x a m p l e

__

289 is a square number. Work out

√

____

289 without using a calculator.15

15

22520

20

40017

17

289So

√

____

289

17

This is too low, so

√

____

289 is greater than 15This is too high, so

√

____

289 is less than 20Correct

You can use the grid method i youare stuck!

7

10

7

707

7

49

10

10

10

1007

10

70

107

1007070

49289