3. Conducting an item analysis of each question on a test4. Determining the level of difficulty of each question5. Establishing the reliability and validity of the test6. Setting the cut-off scores
TYPES OF PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS: ADMINISTRATION
INDIVIDUAL AND GROUP TEST
. Individual test, administered to one person at a time, are more costlyand therefore, are used to lesser degree in industry than a group test.
SPEED AND POWER TEST SPEED TEST
has a fixed time limit at which point everyone taking the test must stop.
has no time limit, examines are allowed as much time as they feel they need to finish the test.
3.PAPER-AND-PENCIL AND PERFORMANCE TEST
are the kind of test wherein questions are in printed form and the answers arerecorded on an answer sheet.
may take longer to administer than paper-and-pencil tests and also may require anindividual testing operation.4.OBJECTIVE AND SUBJECTIVE SCORING
is the majority of the test used for industrial selection purposes are objective.
n test scoring, as in interviewing, allows personal prejudices and attributes toenter into the testing situation. This can lead to distortion of the evaluation.
TYPES OF PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS: BEHAVIORAL MEASURE
better known as intelligence tests) are used in individual selection. Intelligence testitems relate mostly to educational material such as spelling, reading, or mathematics.
Interest inventories are of greater value in vocational guidance and counseling than in industrial personnelselection.
must be created especially to measure the skills required by that job, but there are published tests that measure general aptitudes for mechanical and clerical skills.
Many jobs in industry and the military require a high degree of motor skill involvingmuscular coordination, finger dexterity, or precise eye hand coordination.The MacQuarrie Test for mechanical ability is one of the few tests of motor ability in paper-and-pencil form. The sevensubsets include:
a line is drawn through very small openings in a number of vertical lines.
dots are made on paper as quickly as possible.
- dots are made in circles as quickly as possible.
-simple designs are copied.
- specific points must be located in smaller size version of a stimulus figure.
- the number of blocks in a drawing must be determined.
- the visual tracing of assorted lines in a maze.7
. PROJECTIVE TECHNIQUES
of personality were developed primarily for use in clinical psychology for work withemotionally distributed individuals.
ADVANTAGES OF PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTING
Tests can aid the selection process (assuming thorough development research), they are objective measures, and their effectiveness is easier to evaluate than some other selection devices. There are no alternative better than tests in termsof high validity and lack adverse impact.
LIMITATIONS AND DANGERS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTING