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The Royal Military College of Canada_Department of Applied Military Science_Land Force Technical Staff Program V_Infantry Company Crew Served Weapons Rationalization_June 2000

The Royal Military College of Canada_Department of Applied Military Science_Land Force Technical Staff Program V_Infantry Company Crew Served Weapons Rationalization_June 2000

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Published by manuals&manuals
To a soldier, there are essentially two ways of engaging a hostile target, through
direct fire or through indirect fire. Engagement of multiple target types between 300 and
2000 metres by sub-units of the LF, that are not supported by external indirect fire assets,
has been limited to machine guns and the 60mm mortar against personnel and to
SRAAW(M) and SRAAW(H) augmented by the HMG against armoured fighting
vehicles (AFV).
To a soldier, there are essentially two ways of engaging a hostile target, through
direct fire or through indirect fire. Engagement of multiple target types between 300 and
2000 metres by sub-units of the LF, that are not supported by external indirect fire assets,
has been limited to machine guns and the 60mm mortar against personnel and to
SRAAW(M) and SRAAW(H) augmented by the HMG against armoured fighting
vehicles (AFV).

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Published by: manuals&manuals on Jun 16, 2010
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06/21/2013

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The Royal Military College of CanadaDepartment of Applied Military ScienceLand Force Technical Staff Program VInfantry Company Crew Served WeaponsRationalization
A Course Project ReportByCaptain DO RintjemaCaptain D BoucherCaptain A Erkelens
 
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ABSTRACT
The end of the cold war brought about many changes for the Land Force (LF),including force reductions, a higher operational tempo and increased reliance on task forces of unit size rather than brigades.Support weapons currently available to units for engagements out to 2000m arelimited to the .50 cal HMG, and the 60mm mortar. The effectiveness of both of theseweapons has come under fire, generating questions regarding their continued use in thelong term. Although the introduction of the LAV III into the LF will see a significantincrease in combat capability, there are other technologies available that can augment oureffectiveness.The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of weapon systems foruse within the 300 to 2000 metre range. The weapons examination covered in-serviceweapons (the HMG and 60mm mortar) and available technology (an automatic grenadelauncher and fragmentation munitions for the Carl Gustaf SRAAW(M)).Through the use of computer simulation, and multi-criteria comparison, theeffectiveness of the weapons in question against personnel and vehicles was evaluated. Itwas concluded that the .50 cal HMG has reached the end of its useful life. The 60mmmortar proved its lethality against unprotected personnel. The new family of ammunitionfor the Carl Gustaf provides this weapon with significant versatility, enablingengagement of personnel as well as vehicles. Automatic Grenade Launchers have shownpromise of significant combat power and should be further investigated.
 
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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
General
To a soldier, there are essentially two ways of engaging a hostile target, throughdirect fire or through indirect fire. Engagement of multiple target types between 300 and2000 metres by sub-units of the LF, that are not supported by external indirect fire assets,has been limited to machine guns and the 60mm mortar against personnel and toSRAAW(M) and SRAAW(H) augmented by the HMG against armoured fightingvehicles (AFV).Developments in armour technology have reduced the effectiveness of the HMGand 60mm mortar, limiting them to engagement of personnel and soft-skinned vehicles.Recently, more effective weapons have been developed for use within the 300 to 2000mrange.The introduction of the LAV III will potentially lead to a significant reduction inHMG holdings in the LF, with the remaining HMG seeing employment as defensiveweapons in artillery regiments, with combat engineers and with liaison officers. The ageof the HMG is causing higher maintenance costs and its effectiveness is in question.The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of weapon systems foruse within the 300 to 2000 metre range. The weapons examined included in-serviceweapons (the HMG and 60mm mortar) and available technology (an automatic grenadelauncher and fragmentation munitions for the Carl Gustaf SRAAW(M)).
Study Objectives
The project compared the effectiveness of the four weapon systems in questionagainst personnel and AFVs. This allowed the evaluation of these weapon systemsagainst a specific threat and formulation of recommendations regarding retention oracquisition.

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