To a soldier, there are essentially two ways of engaging a hostile target, throughdirect fire or through indirect fire. Engagement of multiple target types between 300 and2000 metres by sub-units of the LF, that are not supported by external indirect fire assets,has been limited to machine guns and the 60mm mortar against personnel and toSRAAW(M) and SRAAW(H) augmented by the HMG against armoured fightingvehicles (AFV).Developments in armour technology have reduced the effectiveness of the HMGand 60mm mortar, limiting them to engagement of personnel and soft-skinned vehicles.Recently, more effective weapons have been developed for use within the 300 to 2000mrange.The introduction of the LAV III will potentially lead to a significant reduction inHMG holdings in the LF, with the remaining HMG seeing employment as defensiveweapons in artillery regiments, with combat engineers and with liaison officers. The ageof the HMG is causing higher maintenance costs and its effectiveness is in question.The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of weapon systems foruse within the 300 to 2000 metre range. The weapons examined included in-serviceweapons (the HMG and 60mm mortar) and available technology (an automatic grenadelauncher and fragmentation munitions for the Carl Gustaf SRAAW(M)).
The project compared the effectiveness of the four weapon systems in questionagainst personnel and AFVs. This allowed the evaluation of these weapon systemsagainst a specific threat and formulation of recommendations regarding retention oracquisition.