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King Fahd of Saudi Arabia

King Fahd of Saudi Arabia

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Published by Aamir Hussain

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Categories:Types, Research, Genealogy
Published by: Aamir Hussain on Jun 17, 2010
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Fahd of Saudi Arabia
Fahd bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud
 King of Saudi Arabia
 
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
 
 Prime Minister of Saudi Arabia
 
ing of Saudi Arabia
 
 
Reign
13 June 1982 ± 1 August 2005(
23
years, 49 days
)
 
B
ayaa
 
13 June 1982
Predecessor
Khalid
Successor
Abdullah
1st Minister of Education
 
In Office
1953 - 1962
Successor
Abdulaziz bin Mohammad Al al-Shaikh
6th Minister of Interior
 
In Office
1962 - 1975
Predecessor
Faisal ibn Turki I Al Saud
Successor
 Naif bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
 
Issue
Faisal bin Fahd, Sultan bin FahdMuhammad bin Fahd, Saud bin FahdKhaled bin Fahd, Abdul-Aziz bin Fahd
Father
Abdulaziz
 
Mother
Hessa Bint Ahmed AlSudairy
 
B
orn
1921Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
 
D
ied
1 August 2005 (84
)
 King Faisal Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
 
B
urial
1 August 2005 (84
)
 Al Oud, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
King
Fahd bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud
, Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, (16 March 1921 ± 1August 2005
)
was the King of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Head of the House of Saud as wellas Prime Minister. One of forty-five sons of Saudi founder Ibn Saud, and the fourth of his fivesons who have ruled the Kingdom (Saud, Faisal, Khalid, Fahd, and Abdullah
)
, Fahd ascended tothe throne on the death of his half-brother, King Khalid, on 13 June 1982.Fahd was appointed Crown Prince when Khalid succeeded their half-brother King Faisal, whowas assassinated in 1975. Fahd was viewed as the
de facto
prime minister during King Khalid'sreign in part due to the latter's ill health.Fahd suffered a debilitating stroke 29 November 1995, after which he was unable to continue performing his full official duties. His half-brother, Abdullah, the country's Crown Prince, servedas
de facto
regent of the kingdom and succeeded Fahd as monarch upon his death on 1 August2005.King Fahd is credited for having introduced the Basic Law of Saudi Arabia in 1992.
C
ontents
1 Early life2 Early political positions3 Family and progeny4 Reign4.1 Foreign policy4.2 Grand Mosque Seizure, Iran, and Islamic education4.3 Recreational Activities4.4 Persian Gulf War, 19914.5 Reform and industrialization4.6 Rule after the 1995 stroke5 Death6 Funeral7 Wives8 See also8.1 Soccer tournaments9 References10 External links
Early life
At the age of 11 in 1932, Fahd watched as his father officially founded the Kingdom of SaudiArabia by signing the Treaty of Jedda.Fahd's education took place at the Princes' School in Riyadh, a school established by Ibn Saudspecifically for the education of members of the House of Saud. While at the Princes' School,Fahd studied under tutors including Sheikh Abdul-Ghani Khayat.In 1945 Fahd travelled on his first state visit to New York City to attend the opening session of the General Assembly of the United Nations. On this trip Fahd served under his brother, KingFaisal, who was at the time Saudi Arabia's foreign minister.
 
Early political positions
In 1953, at the age of 32, Fahd was appointed Education Minister by his father. Also in 1953,Fahd led his first official state visit, attending the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II on behalf of the House of Saud.Later Fahd would lead the Saudi delegation to the League of Arab States in 1959, signifying hisincreasing prominence in the House of Saud ² and that he was being groomed for a moresignificant role.In 1962, Fahd was given the important post of Interior Minister and five years later he wasappointed Second Deputy Prime Minister. After the death of King Faisal in 1975, Fahd wasnamed first deputy Prime Minister and Crown Prince.
Family and progeny
King Fahd was married at least four times, . He had six sons and three daughters. His sons were:
y
 
Faisal bin Fahd bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud (1946±1999
)
Died of a heart attack. Director-general of Youth Welfare (1971±99
)
, Director-general at Ministry of Planning and Minister of State (1977± 1999
)
.
y
 
Khalid bin Fahd bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud (born 1947
)
Nobody knows anything about him.
y
 
Muhammad bin Fahd bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud (born 1950
)
, governor of the Eastern province.
y
 
Saud bin Fahd bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud (born 1950
)
, former deputy president of the GeneralIntelligence Directorate.
y
 
Sultan bin Fahd bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud (born 1951
)
, Army Officer. Elevated to minister rank in November 1997. Current head of Youth Welfare.
y
 
Abdul-Aziz bin Fahd bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud, (born 1971
)
, Fahd's favorite son and minister of state without portfolio. He is the son of Princess Jawhara al-Ibrahim, Fahd's fourth and,reportedly, favorite wife [1].
Reign
King Fahd gave money for building mosques throughout the world. The Ibrahim-Al-IbrahimMosque, at Europa Point, Gibraltar, which opened in 1997, is one such mosque.On 25 March 1975, King Faisal was assassinated by his nephew and King Khalid assumed power. Fahd, as next in the line of succession, became Crown Prince and First Deputy PrimeMinister. Especially in the later years of King Khalid's reign, Fahd was viewed as the
de facto
  prime minister. When King Khalid died on 13 June 1982, Fahd succeeded to the throne. Headopted the title "Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques" in 1986, replacing "His Majesty", tosignify an Islamic rather than secular authority.
Foreign policy
He was a supporter of the United Nations. He supported foreign aid and had given 5.5% of SaudiArabia's national income through various funds especially the Saudi Fund for Development andthe OPEC Fund for International Development. He had also given aid to the needy such as the

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