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Yasser Arafat

Yasser Arafat

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Published by Aamir Hussain

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Categories:Types, Research, Genealogy
Published by: Aamir Hussain on Jun 17, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Yasser Arafat
  Yasser Arafat
(Ysir `Araft)
Kunya: Abu `Ammar ( ; 'Ab `Ammr)
Portrait of Arafat
1st President of the Palestinian NationalAuthority
In office
 20 January 1996 ± 11 November 2004
Prime Minister
Mahmoud AbbasAhmed Qurei
Succeeded by
Rawhi Fattuh (interim)Mahmoud Abbas
24 August 1929Cairo, Egypt
11 November 2004 (aged 75)Paris, France
Political party
Suha Arafat
Zahwa Arafat
Mohammed Yasser Abdel Rahman Abdel Raouf Arafat al-Qudwa al-Husseini:
24 August1929 ± 11 November 2004), popularly known as
Yasser Arafat
or by his kunya
Abu Ammar
,was a Palestinian leader and a Laureate of the Nobel Prize. He was Chairman of the PalestineLiberation Organization (PLO), President of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA),
andleader of the Fatah political party, which he founded in 1959.
Arafat spent much of his lifefighting against Israel in the name of Palestinian self-determination. Originally opposed toIsrael's existence, he modified his position in 1988 when he accepted UN Security CouncilResolution 242.Arafat and his movement operated from several Arab countries. In the late 1960s and early1970s, Fatah faced off with Jordan in a brief civil war. Forced out of Jordan and into Lebanon,Arafat and Fatah were major targets of Israel's 1978 and 1982 invasions of that country. He was"revered by many Arabs," and the majority of the Palestinian people, regardless of politicalideology or faction, viewed him as a freedom fighter who symbolized their national aspirations.However, he was "reviled by many Israelis" and described "in much of the West as the world'snumber one terrorist" for the attacks his faction led against civilians.
 Later in his career, Arafat engaged in a series of negotiations with the government of Israel toend the decades-long conflict between that country and the PLO. These included the MadridConference of 1991, the 1993 Oslo Accords and the 2000 Camp David Summit. His politicalrivals, including Islamists and several PLO leftists, often denounced him for being corrupt or toosubmissive in his concessions to the Israeli government. In 1994, Arafat received the NobelPeace Prize, together with Yitzhak Rabin and Shimon Peres, for the negotiations at Oslo. Duringthis time, Hamas and other militant organizations rose to power and shook the foundations of theauthority that Fatah under Arafat had established in the Palestinian territories.In late 2004, after effectively being confined within his Ramallah compound for over two years by the Israeli army, Arafat became ill, fell into a coma and died on 11 November 2004 at the age
of 75. While the exact cause of his death remains unknown and no autopsy was performed, hisdoctors spoke of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura and cirrhosis.
1 Early life1.1 Birth and childhood1.2 Education and 1948 Arab±Israeli War 1.3 Name2 Rise of Fatah2.1 Founding of Fatah2.2 Leader of the Palestinians2.3 Battle of Karameh3 Jordan4 Lebanon4.1 Terrorism in the 1970s and official recognition4.2 Fatah involvement in Lebanese Civil War 5 Tunisia5.1 First Intifada5.2 Change in direction6 Palestinian Authority and peace negotiations6.1 Oslo Accords6.2 Establishing authority in the territories6.3 Other peace agreements7 Political survival7.1 Relations with Hamas and other militant groups7.2 Attempts to marginalize8 Financial dealings9 Illness and death9.1 Rumours about cause of death10 Aftermath10.1 Funeral10.2 Successor 11 See also12 Notes13 Further reading14 External links

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