2.1 Deputy Prime Ministers2.2 Major constitutional changes2.3 Economic policies2.4 1997 Asian financial crisis2.5 Sacking of Anwar Ibrahim2.6 Educational system2.7 Foreign relations2.7.1 United States2.7.2 Australia2.7.3 Middle East and Criticism of Jewish Power 2.7.4 Singapore2.7.5 People's Republic of China2.7.6 Bosnia-Herzegovina2.7.7 Russian Federation2.7.8 Developing world3 Retirement3.1 Criticism of his successor 3.2 Weblog4 Resignation from UMNO5 Other controversies5.1 September 11 Attacks5.2 Interference with the Malaysian Judiciary6 Health7 Legacy8 Books9 References10 Notes and references10.1 Other references11 External links11.1 Home pages11.2 Others
Mahathir was born in Alor Setar, Kedah, the youngest of nine children
of a schoolteacher and ahousewife. His father, Mohamad Iskandar, was of Indian descent, being the son of a MalayaleeMuslim (who migrated from Kerala) and a Malay mother, while Mahathir's own mother, WanTampawan, was Malay.
During World War II, Japanese occupation of Malaya, he sold
(banana fritters)and other snacks to supplement his family income. Mahathir attended a Malay vernacular school before continuing his education at the Sultan Abdul Hamid College in Alor Star. Mahathir thenattended the King Edward VII Medical College (the predecessor of present-day NationalUniversity of Singapore) in Singapore, where he edited a medical student magazine called
he also contributed to the
The Straits Times
newspaper pseudonymously under thenickname "C.H.E. Det". Mahathir was also President of the Muslim Society in the college.
Upon graduation in 1953, Mahathir joined the then Malayan government service as a medicalofficer. He married Siti Hasmah Mohd Ali²a fellow doctor and former classmate in college²