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Ten Years Later, By Alexandre Dumas

Ten Years Later, By Alexandre Dumas

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Published by: fusion2000 on Jun 17, 2010
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Ten Years Later, by Alexandre Dumas
The Project Gutenberg EBook of Ten Years Later, by Alexandre Dumas, PereThis eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and withalmost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org Title: Ten Years Later Chapters 1-104Author: Alexandre Dumas, PereRelease Date: August 15, 2008 [EBook #1258]Language: EnglishCharacter set encoding: ASCII*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK TEN YEARS LATER ***Produced by An Anonymous Volunteer, and David Widger 
by Alexandre Dumas
ORDER TITLE PG ETEXT# DATES VOLUME CHAPTERS1The Three Musketeers1257 1625-1628 12Twenty Years After 1259 1648-1649 23The Vicomte de Bragelonne2609 1660 3 1-754Ten Years Later 2681 1660-1661 3 76-1405Louise de la Valliere2710 1661 3 141-208
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Ten Years Later, by Alexandre Dumas
The Man in the Iron Mask2759 1661-1673 3 209-269[Project Gutenberg Etext 1258 listed below, is of the sametitle as etext 2681 and its contents overlap those of twoother volumes: it includes all the chapters of etext 2609and the first 28 chapters of 2681] Ten Years Later 1258 1660-1661 3 1-104
The Vicomte de Bragelonne is the final volume of D'Artagnan Romances: it is usuallysplit into three or four parts, and the final portion is entitled The Man in the Iron Mask.The Man in the Iron Mask we're familiar with today is the last volume of the four-volumeedition. [Not all the editions split them in the same manner, hence some of theconfusion. . .but wait. . .there's yet more reason for confusion.]One thing that may be causing confusion is that the etext entitled Ten Years Later, saysit's the sequel to The Three Musketeers. While this is technically true, there's anotherbook, Twenty Years After, that comes between. The confusion is generated by the twofacts that many people see those titles as meaning Ten and Twenty Years "After" theoriginal story . . . however, this is why the different words "After" and "Later" . . . the TenYears "After" is ten years after the Twenty Years later. . . as per history. Also, the thirdbook of the D'Artagnan Romances, while entitled The Vicomte de Bragelonne, has thesubtitle Ten Years Later. These two titles are also given to different volumes: TheVicomte de Bragelonne can refer to the whole book, or the first volume of the three orfour-volume editions. Ten Years Later can, similarly, refer to the whole book, or thesecond volume of the four-volume edition. Here is a guide to the series which may provehelpful:The Three Musketeers: Etext 1257 - First book of the D'Artagnan Romances. Coversthe years 1625-1628.Twenty Years After: Etext 1259 - Second book of the D'Artagnan Romances. Covers theyears 1648-1649.Ten Years Later: Etext 1258 - First 104 chapters of the third book of the D'ArtagnanRomances. Covers the years 1660-1661.The Vicomte de Bragelonne: Etext 2609 (first in the new series) - First 75 chapters ofthe third book of the D'Artagnan Romances. Covers the year 1660.Ten Years Later: Etext 2681 Chapters 76-140 of that third book of the D'ArtagnanRomances. Covers the years 1660-1661.Louise de la Valliere: Chapters 141-208 of the third book of the D'Artagnan Romances.Covers the year 1661.The Man in the Iron Mask: Chapters 209-269 of the third book of the D'ArtagnanRomances. Covers the years 1661-1673.Many thanks to Dr. David Coward, whose editions of the D'Artagnan Romances haveproved an invaluable source of information.
In the months of March-July in 1844, in the magazine Le Siecle, the first portion of a
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Ten Years Later, by Alexandre Dumas
story appeared, penned by the celebrated playwright Alexandre Dumas. It was based,he claimed, on some manuscripts he had found a year earlier in the BibliothequeNationale while researching a history he planned to write on Louis XIV. They chronicledthe adventures of a young man named D'Artagnan who, upon entering Paris, becamealmost immediately embroiled in court intrigues, international politics, and ill-fated affairsbetween royal lovers. Over the next six years, readers would enjoy the adventures ofthis youth and his three famous friends, Porthos, Athos, and Aramis, as their exploitsunraveled behind the scenes of some of the most momentous events in French andeven English history.Eventually these serialized adventures were published in novel form, and became thethree D'Artagnan Romances known today. Here is a brief summary of the first twonovels:The Three Musketeers (serialized March—July, 1844): The year is 1625. The youngD'Artagnan arrives in Paris at the tender age of 18, and almost immediately offendsthree musketeers, Porthos, Aramis, and Athos. Instead of dueling, the four are attackedby five of the Cardinal's guards, and the courage of the youth is made apparent duringthe battle. The four become fast friends, and, when asked by D'Artagnan's landlord tofind his missing wife, embark upon an adventure that takes them across both Franceand England in order to thwart the plans of the Cardinal Richelieu. Along the way, theyencounter a beautiful young spy, named simply Milady, who will stop at nothing todisgrace Queen Anne of Austria before her husband, Louis XIII, and take her revengeupon the four friends.Twenty Years After (serialized January—August, 1845): The year is now 1648, twentyyears since the close of the last story. Louis XIII has died, as has Cardinal Richelieu,and while the crown of France may sit upon the head of Anne of Austria as Regent forthe young Louis XIV, the real power resides with the Cardinal Mazarin, her secrethusband. D'Artagnan is now a lieutenant of musketeers, and his three friends haveretired to private life. Athos turned out to be a nobleman, the Comte de la Fere, and hasretired to his home with his son, Raoul de Bragelonne. Aramis, whose real name isD'Herblay, has followed his intention of shedding the musketeer's cassock for thepriest's robes, and Porthos has married a wealthy woman, who left him her fortune uponher death. But trouble is stirring in both France and England. Cromwell menaces theinstitution of royalty itself while marching against Charles I, and at home the Fronde isthreatening to tear France apart. D'Artagnan brings his friends out of retirement to savethe threatened English monarch, but Mordaunt, the son of Milady, who seeks to avengehis mother's death at the musketeers' hands, thwarts their valiant efforts. Undaunted,our heroes return to France just in time to help save the young Louis XIV, quiet theFronde, and tweak the nose of Cardinal Mazarin.The third novel, The Vicomte de Bragelonne (serialized October, 1847—January, 1850),has enjoyed a strange history in its English translation. It has been split into three, four,or five volumes at various points in its history. The five-volume edition generally doesnot give titles to the smaller portions, but the others do. In the three-volume edition, thenovels are entitled The Vicomte de Bragelonne, Louise de la Valliere, and The Man inthe Iron Mask. For the purposes of this etext, I have chosen to split the novel as the four-volume edition does, with these titles: The Vicomte de Bragelonne, Ten Years Later,Louise de la Valliere, and The Man in the Iron Mask. In the last etext:The Vicomte de Bragelonne (Etext 2609): It is the year 1660, and D'Artagnan, afterthirty-five years of loyal service, has become disgusted with serving King Louis XIVwhile the real power resides with the Cardinal Mazarin, and has tendered hisresignation. He embarks on his own project, that of restoring Charles II to the throne ofEngland, and, with the help of Athos, succeeds, earning himself quite a fortune in theprocess. D'Artagnan returns to Paris to live the life of a rich citizen, and Athos, afternegotiating the marriage of Philip, the king's brother, to Princess Henrietta of England,likewise retires to his own estate, La Fere. Meanwhile, Mazarin has finally died, and leftLouis to assume the reigns of power, with the assistance of M. Colbert, formerlyMazarin's trusted clerk. Colbert has an intense hatred for M. Fouquet, the king'ssuperintendent of finances, and has resolved to use any means necessary to bringabout his fall. With the new rank of intendant bestowed on him by Louis, Colbertsucceeds in having two of Fouquet's loyal friends tried and executed. He then brings tothe king's attention that Fouquet is fortifying the island of Belle-Ile-en-Mer, and could
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