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Oracle 10gr2 RAC on Vmware

Oracle 10gr2 RAC on Vmware

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Published by Raj
In this Document I will cover step by step Oracle RAC installation and configuration on single laptop/desktop using VMWare Server (using two virtual machines, virtual network cards and virtual shared disk for Oracle RAC database shared files system).

In this Document I will cover step by step Oracle RAC installation and configuration on single laptop/desktop using VMWare Server (using two virtual machines, virtual network cards and virtual shared disk for Oracle RAC database shared files system).

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Published by: Raj on Jun 18, 2010
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Oracle10gR2 RAC Installation on VMWare
Author: Ramesh S RajCreation Date: June 13, 2010Last Updated:
 
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Table of Contents
Introduction .................................................................3
Download Software...........................................................4 VMware Server Installation..................................................4 Virtual Machine Setup.......................................................4
Create Shared Disks/Virtual Network .........................................45
Configure Virtual Disks....................................................45Configure Virtual Network..................................................59Format and configure the Virtual Disks.....................................65
Clone the Virtual Machine ...................................................69
Configure User Equivalency.................................................78Create RSA and DSA key on each node........................................78 Add keys to authorized key file (authorized_keys)..........................79Install Clusterware........................................................81Create an ASM Instance and Install the Database Software..................104Install and configure Oracle Home and Database............................112
Post Installation Check. ...................................................128TroubleShooting ............................................................131
Oracle Clusterware Files Issues...........................................131Cluster Verification Utility..............................................131 VLM Window Size on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.0...........................132Oracle XML Developer's Kit Compiler Support...............................132Link Error During genorasdksh on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.0.............132
Removing Metrics for Wait Classes Removes Them Permanently ..............132
SRVCTL and VIPCA Utilities Set the LD_ASSUME_KERNEL Parameter.............132
Mapping of 127.0.0.2 to the Local Hostname ..............................133Installation, Configuration, and Upgrade Issues ............................134Oracle Universal Installer Operating System Prerequisite Check on SUSE LinuxEnterprise Server 10 ....................................................134
Installing Oracle Cluster Ready Services on SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10..........................................................................134 Adding a Node to a Shared Oracle Clusterware Configuration................135Installing Enterprise Security Manager....................................135Upgrading Oracle Clusterware 10.1.x to Oracle Clusterware 10.2............135
extjob Executable Required Directory Permissions ........................135
 Modifying a Virtual IP Address Node Application...........................135Raw Devices on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.0...............................136
Reference ..................................................................137
 
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Introduction
In this Document I will cover step by step Oracle RAC installation andconfiguration on single laptop/desktop using VMWare Server (using two virtualmachines, virtual network cards and virtual shared disk for Oracle RAC databaseshared files system).One of the biggest obstacles preventing people from setting up test RACenvironments is the requirement for shared storage. In a productionenvironment, shared storage is often provided by a SAN or high-end NAS device,but both of these options are very expensive when all you want to do is getsome experience installing and using RAC. A cheaper alternative is to use aFireWire disk enclosure to allow two machines to access the same disk(s), butthat still costs money and requires two servers. A third option is to useVMware Server to fake the shared storage.Using VMware Server you can run multiple Virtual Machines (VMs) on a singleserver, allowing you to run both RAC nodes on a single machine. In addition, itallows you to set up shared virtual disks, overcoming the obstacle of expensiveshared storage.Before you launch into this installation, here are a few things to consider.
The finished system includes the host operating system, two guestoperating systems, two sets of Oracle Clusterware, two ASM instances andtwo Database instances all on a single server. As you can imagine, thisrequires a significant amount of disk space, CPU and memory. When I useda dual Intel Core Duo CPU @ 2.80GHz 2.79 GHz , 3.5 GB of RAM it workedfine. I tried this installation on a lesser configuration machine itfailed.
This procedure provides a bare bones installation to get the RAC working.There is no redundancy in the Clusterware installation or the ASMinstallation. To add this, simply create double the amount of shareddisks and select the "Normal" redundancy option when it is offered. Ofcourse, this will take more disk space.
During the virtual disk creation, I always choose not to preallocate thedisk space. This makes virtual disk access slower during theinstallation, but saves on wasted disk space.
This should not be considered, a production-ready system. It's simply toallow you to get used to installing and using RAC.

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