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Published by: rumavch on Jun 18, 2010
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Output of a Seminar onEnergyConservation in Textile Industry
Sponsored by
United Nations Industrial Development Organization(UNIDO)
Ministry of International Trade and Industry(MITI), Japan
 Hosted by
Ministry of Telecommu-nications and Post, MalaysiaMinistry of Mines andEnergy, Indonesia
Organized by
The Energy Conservation Center (ECC), Japan1992Malaysia Indonesia
The conservation of energy is an essential step we can all take towards overcomingthe mounting problems of the worldwide energy crisis and environmental degradation.In particular, developing countries are interested to increase their awareness on theinefficient power generation and energy usage in their countries. However, usually onlylimited information sources on the rational use of energy are available.The know-how on modern energy saving and conservation technologies should,therefore, be disseminated to governments and industrial managers, as well as toengineers and operators at the plant level in developing countries. It is particularlyimportant that they acquire practical knowledge of the currently available energyconservation technologies and techniques.In December 1983, UNIDO organized a Regional Meeting on Energy Consumptionas well as an Expert Group Meeting on Energy Conservation in small- and medium-scale industries for Asian countries. During these meetings, it was brought out that, forsome energy intensive industries, savings up to 10% could be achieved through basichousekeeping improvements, such as auditing and energy management.The rational use of energy calls for a broad application of energy conservationtechnologies in the various industrial sectors where energy is wasted. One of theseenergy intensive industrial sectors to be considered to improve efficiency through theintroduction of modern energy conservation technologies is the textile industry.In the textile industry, appreciable amounts of energy could be saved or conserved byregulating the temperature in the steam pipes, adjusting the air/fuel ratio in the boilers,and installing heat exchangers using warm waste water.Currently, UNIDO, with the financial support of the Japanese Government, iscarrying out a regional programme on the promotion and application of energy savingtechnologies in selected Asian developing countries. This programme aims at adoptingthese innovative energy conservation technologies, developed in Japan, to the conditionsof developing countries.In this programme, we are considering that the transfer of these technologies could
be achieved through:
Conducting surveys of energy usage and efficiency at the plant level;(ii) Preparing manuals on energy management and energy conservation/savingtechnologies, based on the findings of the above survey;
(iii) Presenting and discussing the manuals at seminars held for government officials,representatives of industries, plant managers and engineers;
Disseminating the manuals to other developing countries for their proper utilizationand application by the industrial sector.The experience obtained through this programme will be applied to otherprogrammes/projects which involve other industrial sectors as well as other developingcountries and regions.UNIDO has started this programme with the project US/RAS/90/075 -RationalUse of Energy Resources in Steel and Textile Industry in Malaysia and Indonesia.The present Handy Manual on Textile Industry was prepared by UNIDO, with thecooperation of experts from the Energy Conservation Center (ECC) of Japan, on energysaving technologies in the framework of the above mentioned UNIDO project. It isbased on the results of the surveys carried out, the plant observations and therecommendations and suggestions emanating from the Seminars on EnergyConservation in the Steel and Textile Industries, held under the same project in January1992 in Jakarta, Indonesia, and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The manual will not only beinteresting for government and representatives from industry, but it is, in particular,designed for plant-level engineers and operators in developing countries as a help toimprove energy efficiency in the production process.Appreciation is expressed for the valuable contribution made by the followinginstitutions to the successful preparation and publication of the manual mentioned above:Ministry of Mines and Energy, IndonesiaMinistry of Energy, Telecommunications and Posts, MalaysiaMinistry of International Trade and Industry (MITI), JapanThe Energy Conservation Center (ECC), Japan
June 1992

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