THE 1987 CONSTITUTIONOF THEREPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
We, the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the aid of Almighty God, in order to build a just andhumane society, and establish a Government that shall embody our ideals and aspirations,promote the common good, conserve and develop our patrimony, and secure to ourselves and ourposterity, the blessings of independence and democracy under the rule of law and a regime of truth, justice, freedom, love, equality, and peace, do ordain and promulgate this Constitution.
ARTICLE I NATIONAL TERRITORY
The national territory comprises the Philippine archipelago, with all the islands and watersembraced therein, and all other territories over which the Philippines has sovereignty or jurisdiction, consisting of its terrestrial, fluvial and aerial domains, including its territorialsea, the seabed, the subsoil, the insular shelves, and other submarine areas. The watersaround, between, and connecting the islands of the archipelago, regardless of their breadthand dimensions, form part of the internal waters of the Philippines.
ARTICLE II DECLARATION OF PRINCIPLES AND STATE POLICIES
Section 1. The Philippines is a democratic and republican State. Sovereignty resides in thepeople and all government authority emanates from them. Section 2. The Philippines renounces war as an instrument of national policy, adopts thegenerally accepted principles of international law as part of the law of the land and adheres tothe policy of peace, equality, justice, freedom, cooperation, and amity with all nations. Section 3. Civilian authority is, at all times, supreme over the military. The Armed Forces of the Philippines is the protector of the people and the State. Its goal is to secure thesovereignty of the State and the integrity of the national territory. Section 4. The prime duty of the Government is to serve and protect the people. TheGovernment may call upon the people to defend the State and, in the fulfillment thereof, allcitizens may be required, under conditions provided by law, to render personal, military orcivil service. Section 5. The maintenance of peace and order, the protection of life, liberty, and property,and promotion of the general welfare are essential for the enjoyment by all the people of theblessings of democracy.