‘Zoology’: from the Greek words ‘zoon’ –animal and ‘logos’ – study
Zoology is a broad and complex branch of biology that deals with the study of animals
Zoology has diverse foci and/or divisionsof study
Principal Divisions of Zoology
Divisions of Zoology
I. Structural Zoology1.
Morphology- configuration of organisms2.Anatomy- structure of organisms and their parts3.Histology- study of tissues4.Cytology- structure and function of cells
Developmental Zoology1.Embryology- development from fertilized egg to birth2.Ontogeny- development of the organism throughout its lifetime3.Genetics- mechanisms of transmission of traits from parents tooffspring.III.Functional Zoology1.Animal Physiology- chemical and physical functions of organisms, their systems andorgans2.Animal Behavior / Ethology- behavior of animals in response to the biotic (other organisms)and abiotic (non-living) factors environmentIV.Systematic Zoology1.Taxonomy and systematics - description and classification of organisms, often based on evolutionary relationships2.Protozoology – animal-like protists3.Entomology – insects4.Conchology – mollusks5.Ichthyology – fishes6.Herpetology – amphibians and reptiles7.Ornithology – birds8.Mammalogy – mammals