Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword or section
Like this
8Activity

Table Of Contents

0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Linard_Evaluating Government Programs - A Handbook

Linard_Evaluating Government Programs - A Handbook

Ratings:

5.0

(1)
|Views: 68 |Likes:
Published by Keith Linard

More info:

Published by: Keith Linard on Jun 19, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/14/2014

pdf

text

original

 
 
E
VALUATING
G
OVERNMENT
P
ROGRAMS
-
 
A
 
H
ANDBOOK
 
(Originally
 
published
 
in
 
1986
 
by
 
the
 
Australian
 
Government
 
Printing
 
Service
 
for
 
the
 
Australian
 
Federal
 
Department
 
of 
 
Finance)
 
Keith
 
Linard
 
(Formerly
 
Chief 
 
Finance
 
Officer,
 
Australian
 
Federal
 
Department
 
of 
 
Finance)
 
Director
 
Ankie
 
Consulting
 
Pty
 
Ltd
 
Keithlinard#@#yahoo.co.uk (Remove hashes to email)
 
2
FOREWORD
The resources available to the community are limited, and are generally considered to beinsufficient to provide all the goods and services which individuals or groups might want.As a community, therefore, it is important to try to allocate these scarce resources so as toachieve the greatest overall satisfaction. Colloquially this might be expressed as gettingthe "best value for money".In many areas of the economy the market mechanism promotes and facilitates efficientresource usage. Most government activities, however, are not subject to the marketmechanism and other approaches are necessary to indicate to the public, Cabinet andParliament the value for money of these activities. Evaluation performs this role.Just as business managers consider new investment proposals and review existingpriorities in relation to their impact on business goals, new expenditure proposals andcurrent programs of Commonwealth agencies sshould be evaluated in the light of their impact on Government goals.Evaluation is a key element of the Government's budgetary and financial reforms asexpressed in its Policy Paper on Budget Reform (April 1984). The Government's statedaims are:. to develop better means of identifying and setting budgetary priorities, in order toensure that the best overall result is achieved in terms of meeting theGovernment's objectives with the resources which can be made available;. to focus attention more clearly on the goals and objectives of particular programs,in relation to the resources they use;. to develop and apply to the management of Commonwealth programs specifictechniques aimed at improved performance and more efficient resource use; and. to set up machinery to ensure that the effectiveness and efficiency of programs arereviewed regularly, and that the results of such reviews are taken into account inthe ongoing evaluation of budgetary priorities."The Financial Management Improvement Program and Program Budgeting are currentlythe key vehicles for focussing attention on the importance of evaluation.This Handbook was prepared primarily by the FMIP Unit in the Department of Finance.The Handbook draws on the experience of other governmental agencies in addressing theevaluation of programs, including Commonwealth Government specialist evaluationunits such as the Bureau of Transport Economics and the former Bureau of LabourMarket Research, Victorian and NSW State Government agencies, the CanadianTreasury Board, the US General Accounting Office and the OECD. Professionalevaluators and others, both within and outside the Commonwealth Government, haveprovided valuable comments on early drafts.
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
FOREWORD ................................................................................................................................................. 1FOREWORD ................................................................................................................................................. 2TABLE OF CONTENTS ............................................................................................................................... 3INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................................................... 6CHAPTER 1 ................................................................................................................................................... 7PROGRAM EVALUATION ..................................................................................................................... 7Defining Program Evaluation ................................................................................................................. 7The Program Evaluation Process ............................................................................................................ 7What Programs should be evaluated and when? .................................................................................... 8What should be the size of the Program Element for a particular evaluation? ....................................... 8CHAPTER 2 ................................................................................................................................................... 9DESIGNING THE EVALUATION - THE PRE-EVALUATION ASSESSMENT ................................. 9Issues to be Addressed in Pre-Evaluation Assessment ............................................................................. 12Step I - Define the Purpose of the Evaluation ...................................................................................... 12Step 2 - Define Nature, Scope and Objectives of Program .................................................................. 13Step 3 - Analyse the Program Logic ..................................................................................................... 15Step 4 - Specify Alternative Ways of Meeting Program Objectives .................................................... 17Step 5 - Identify the Key Evaluation Issues ......................................................................................... 19Step 6 - Identify the Evaluation Constraints ......................................................................................... 21Step 7 - Assess Appropriate Evaluation Designs ................................................................................. 22Step 8 - Develop Strategy for Evaluation Study ................................................................................... 29CHAPTER 3 ................................................................................................................................................. 30UNDERTAKING THE EVALUATION STUDY ................................................................................... 30Detailed Work Plan .............................................................................................................................. 30The next step is to develop a schedule covering: ................................................................................. 30Principles for the Conduct of an Evaluation Study .................................................................................. 31CHAPTER 4 ................................................................................................................................................. 34THE EVALUATION REPORT ............................................................................................................... 34Table of Contents ................................................................................................................................. 34Executive Summary .............................................................................................................................. 35Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 35The Substance of the Report................................................................................................................. 35Findings and Conclusions .................................................................................................................... 35Recommendations ................................................................................................................................ 36Resource Issues .................................................................................................................................... 36Appendices ........................................................................................................................................... 36CHAPTER 5 ................................................................................................................................................. 37REVIEWING THE ADEQUACY OF THE EVALUATION ................................................................. 37APPENDICES .............................................................................................................................................. 39APPENDIX A .............................................................................................................................................. 40TYPES OF EVALUATION ..................................................................................................................... 40WHO EVALUATES AND WHEN? ....................................................................................................... 42CHECKLISTS .............................................................................................................................................. 44PRE-EVALUATION ASSESSMENT AND EVALUATION STUDY .................................................. 44B.1: STEPS IN THE PRE-EVALUATION ASSESSMENT .............................................................. 44B.2: PURPOSE OF THE EVALUATION .......................................................................................... 46B.3: NATURE, SCOPE AND OBJECTIVES OF THE PROGRAM ................................................. 47B.4: ANALYSE THE PROGRAM LOGIC ........................................................................................ 48B.5: IDENTIFY ALTERNATIVES .................................................................................................... 49B.6: IDENTIFY KEY EVALUATION ISSUES ................................................................................ 50B.7: IDENTIFY EVALUATION CONSTRAINTS ........................................................................... 51B.8: ASSESS APPROPRIATE EVALUATION DESIGNS .............................................................. 52

Activity (8)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
Thetanaya Naya added this note
thinking hm...hm...hm....
juanangelo liked this
trungquan999 liked this
Vinod Mehandru liked this
pancasetia liked this
Anim Inmol liked this
pancasetia liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->