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MR-4 Press Kit

MR-4 Press Kit

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Published by Bob Andrepont
Press kit for MR-4 flight, secont US manned flight.
Press kit for MR-4 flight, secont US manned flight.

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Published by: Bob Andrepont on Jun 19, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/21/2012

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NEWS
RELEASE
,
NATIONAL AERONAUTK=S AND SPACE
ADMINISTRATION
ISPO
H
STREET.
NORTHWEST
.
WASHINGTON
2s.
0.
C.
TELEPHONES:
DUDLEY
2-6S2S EXECUTIVE
S-32.0
CapeCanaveral
Press
Room:
Sunset
3-7626
July
13,
1961
NOTE
TO
EDITORS:
Attached
is
the
press
kit
for
the
second mannedMercury suborbital launch, Kexury-Redstone
4,
or
"Liberty
Bell.
:'
Sunday, July
16,
1961.
The
material
in
the
kit
is
for
release
The
kit
contains
four
sections:
1.
MR-4
Design
Changes
2.
Mission
Profile
3.
Launch Chronology
:
.
GiGcove:-;, Forcen
An
additional set
of
background pieces
is
available
at
the
HASA
Hews
Center
in
the Starlite Motel, Cocoa Beach,
Floricia,
and at
YASA
OPI
in
idashin&tGn.
They
are:
1.
The
Ground
Crew
2.
Astronaut Training Program Summary
3.
InsidethePilot's Cabin
4.
"IF"
-
A
StudyofContingency
Planning
for Mercury Mission
5.
The
Launch VehicleTelephone numbers
at
the
NASA
News Center
at
CocoaBeach
are:
Sunset
3-7626,
-79
-8,
and
-9
and Sunset
3-7620.
.
--
-.
.
~
. .
.
_._
..
.__
lll_ll_
.
.
..".
^...
.
.
.
-
.
"
.
..
.
.
..
....
~
 
-.
NEWS
RELEASE
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATtON
I520
H
STREET. NORTHWEST
.
WASHINGTON
25.
0.
C.
TELEPHONES: DUDLEY
2-6325
.
EXECUTIVE
3-3260
FOR RELEASE:
July
16,
1961
Sunday
A.M,
R";:L,I~SE
O,
61-152
biR.-Li
DESIGN
CHANGES
The United
St.atzs
wi1L
attempt;
a
second manned spaceflight in the next few days.
Then
why
bo'chcr
wi5i
a second
inmmd
suborbital flight?Didn't Astronaut Shepard and
a
carefully curried spacecraftcalled Freedom
7
prove out the Yercury-Redstone system?Freedom
7
die
that and. more. Most importantly, Shepardproved that
nar,
could.
riot
o~ly xist in space but performuseful tasks there
as
well.
An
item-by-item listing
of
all
the things Mercury-Redstone
3
proved would fill
a
smalllibrary.That hard-won data, however,
mus%
stand the test oftime and later flights. Each item becomes a dot on ascientific-engineering knowledge curve. Each flight addssignificantly, if nct historically,
to
man:s
understandingof the strange enviromenf,
of
space.The
MR-4
spacecraft, nicknamed Liberty Bell, will
be
qGite similar
to
-he
Freedom
7
craft. It too will weighabout two tons at liftoff; measure six feet across itsblunt bottom and stand nine feet high. It too
will
befitted out with
a
16-foot escape tower; its titaniumpressure cabin housed ir: a "shingled" skin
of
a temperature-resistant alloy.
Most
of the ma;:or systems
will
be the same
-
environmental control, escape, communications, heat shield,landing apparatus.
.
..
.
_._I
.
"..I_
-.
.
____
.
.
.
_...
.
 
But
there
also
will
be significant changes in
Ii
"Liberty Bell.not because
of
any failing
of
the Freedom
7
craft but
as
dramatic evidence
of
the
conc:wi+eacy
concept
usedthroughout
Fro
ject
&J.ercGrY.
These
changes appear in
the
spacecraft
This
concept
finds
ilexea?,ch developgent,
design,engineering, manufactui-ing
and.
l'li.c_;ht
est
p:mceedingsimultaneously
in
an
effort
to
ac:ii.eve
tlie
project's
goals
in
the
shortest possible
time
span. Improve-ments
are
introduced In
the
production line
at
the
earliest
feasible
time
but
at
a
point
which
will
notdelay the
flow
of
prcjduc'cloi? vehicles.
Most
of
the
deslgn
changes
in
"Liberty
Bell"
were
put
into
production
Inore
than
(?
year
ago
-
many
of
them
suggested
by
the Mercury
astronautsshortly
after
they
joined
theMercury
team
more
than
two
years
ago.
A
year
ago
Freedom
7
was
in
the
advanced pro-duction
stage
while
Liberty
Bell
had
not
yet
started
down
the production line
of
McDoia~ell
Aircraft Corp.,
NASA's
prime contractor
Tor
Mercury
spacecraft.
Thus
it
was
possible
to
make
the
following changes in
the
Liberty Bell craft,
a
copy of which
is
destined tocarry
the
first
American into
orbit:
WINDOW
--
An
enlarged
II
pilot
o5servation window"replaces
two
six-inch circular
prts
used in Freedom
7.
The trapezoid-shaped window
measures
19
inches
high,
11
inches across
the
base
and
74
inches
acrossthe
top.
It
is
located
directly
above
the
pilot.
The
window
will
be
used
as
a
navigational
aid,
just
as
the
spacecraft's periscope and infrared sensingequipment
are
used.
the
horizon,
thereby
allowing
the
astronaut to
deter-
mine
the
spacecraft's attitude.
With
reference linesinscribed on
the
four-pane window,
the
pilot should
be
able
to
hold
the
capsule precisely
at
the
required
It
will
permit
a
direct view
of
-2-

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