Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
4Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
MA-5 Press Kit

MA-5 Press Kit

Ratings: (0)|Views: 75 |Likes:
Published by Bob Andrepont
Press kit for MA-5 flight.
Press kit for MA-5 flight.

More info:

Published by: Bob Andrepont on Jun 19, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

09/18/2012

pdf

text

original

 
--
I
NEWS
RELEASE
NATIONAL AERGNAUTlCS
AND
SPACE ADMINISTRATION
I520
H
STREET, NORTHWEST WASHINGTON
25,
D.
C.
TELEPHONES: DUDLEY
2-6325
*
EXECUTIVE
3-3260
FOR RELEASE:
Sunday
AM's
November
12,
1961
RELEASE
NO.
61-248
MERCURY-ATLAS
5
The
near-perfect performance of
Mercury-Atlas
4
on Sep-
tember
13,
1961,
provided an important first-orbital qualificabtion
test
of the
Mercury-Atlas systems, including launch, automaticoperation in orbit, re-entry, tracking network and recovery.launched no
earlier
than November
1
demands on
the
spacecraft.
grammed
to operate up to
three
times
as
long
as
the
one-orbit
-Atlas
5
which
is
to be
MercuT
he upcoming mission
----
will
place even
greater
This
time
the
craft
will
be
pro-
MA-4
flight.
Also,
in
MA-5
a
live
passenger
--
a
chimpaneee
--
will
re-
place
the
"crewman simulator"
flown
in
MA-4.
Thus the
flight poses
a
critical
test
of
all
systems,
par-
ticularly
the
spacecraft's Environmental Control
System
which mustprovide
a
livable gaseous environment
for
later
manned
flights.
THE
FLIGHT
PLAN
MA-5
will
be
launched into
a
32-degree
orbital
path
along
the
Mercury worldwide network.about four and
a
half
hours
at
altitudes ranging from approximately
100
to
150
statute
miles.
A
full
three
orbits would requireAlthough
the
mission calls for
a
maximum
of
three
orbits,
the
capsule could
be
commanded down
at
the
end
of
the
first
or
secondorbit without compromising many of
the
flight
objectives. Inany case,
as';the
craft approaches
the
West
Coast
of-
North America,
the
retrorockets
will
be
fired
to
start
re-entry.One orbit would put
the
craft down slightly
east
of Bermuda.Termination
after
two orbits would mean touchdown
several
hundred
miles
south of Bermuda.
After
three
orbits,
the
spacecraft
wouldbegin to enter
the
atmosphere over Southern Florida and hitmaximum
8G
deceleration and 2,000-degreeF.re-entby heating
at
an altitude of about
37
miles.
Touchdown would occur some
'1,000
miles
southeast
of
Cape Canaveral.
 
As
in
earl.ier
I!IcrcL;ry
fli[;lits,
the
spacecraft
i~i-1~1
scapeautomatically
should
a
malfunction occur during the boost phaseof the flight.
!.;ith
the jettisonable escape tower in place atopthe two-ton craft,
the
Mercury-Atlas configuration stands
93
feet tall. The capsule itself measures nine and
a
half
feet tall
and
six
feet across the base.
THE
SPACECRAFT
The MA-5 spacecraft
vIi.11
have a
7
by
11
by
19-inch "picturewindow" instead
of
two small portholes used in earlier capsules.Craft with the large window have been flown three times: twicein the Little Joe series of escape system tests and, morerecently, in the second manned suborbital flight, Mercury-Red-stone
4.
Environmental System--- fully operational EnvironmentalControl System (ECS) has been included in
MA-5.
The primate willbe in
a
pressure-tight metal-and-plastic box which
is
connected
to
the ECS suit circuit in the same manner that an astronaut's suitwould be. The animal will
be
restrained to
a
form-fitted plasticpallet by
a
net
harness.Minor modifications have been incorporated in the environ-mental system
to
preclude the possibility of excessive oxygenconsum tion as occurred during
MA-4.
Postflight investigationcontrolling the emergency oxygen system
to
move slightly, therebyallowing higher oxygen flow into the crewman simulator than wasnecessary. Had an astronaut been aboard
MA-4,
the problem wouldhave easily been recognized and corrected.
of
MA-
E
revealed that launch vibrations caused the manual handle
MA-5
will be the first Mercury flight
to
excercise the En-vironmental Control System with sufficient oxygen to support
a
three-orbit mission.Control System
-
The
MA-5
spacecraftts atitude will becontrolled by the Automatic Stabilization and Control System
(ASCS).
Quick-Release Hatch
-
The
MA-5
spacecraft is equipped with aquick-release escape hatch, identical in design
to
that used
in
the manned suborbital flight
of
Astronaut Virgil
I.
Grissom.
It
is removed by the ignition of
a
pyrotechnic train in the doorframe which breaks the
bolts
securing the hatch.Following the premature release of the
MR-4
spacecraft hatchduring recovery operations,
an
identical hatch
was
subjectedsuccessfully
to
an extensive series of tests in
a
variety
of
environmental condftions. The
MA-5
flight provides an additionaltest
.
Communications
-
The Communications Systems will be operationalin
MA-5.
To exercise and evaluate the voice communication system,prerecorded voice messages and periods of silence are provided
-2-
 
on
each
oT
tv:o
playback
tape
recorders.
for
a
short transmission
from
one tape and then
a
period of silence,
'at
which
time
the
other recorder and the applicable groundstation
will
transmit.
The
duty
cycles
allow
Voice messages have been recorded
by
several
of
the
astronautsto
assess
transmission clarity and procedures.
A
typical trans-.mission sounds like this:"Capcom, this
is
Astro.
Am
on
the
window and the view
is
great.
I
can
see
all
the colors and can
make
out coast lines.Environment
is
okay.
I
feel
great. Elapsed
time
is
02:48:30
-
Mark.
Over.
I'
Another typical transmission
might
include
a
read-
out of instruments and reporting of control actions: "Fuel auto
90
-
manual
100,
RSCS on, manual handle
out,
pitch handle out.Pitch up
at
&
degrees/sec to minus
15."
On Board
Cameras
-
Four
separate camera systems
will
be carriedin
MA+.
instrument panel
will
photograph the animal throughout the missionuntil near the timeoflanding.
The
camera
is
to the left of theperiscope.
A
second
161nm
camera, near the couqh,
will
film
thespacecraft instrument panel, providing coverage, throughout themission and
for
about
3
minutes
after
landing.
'
A
tiiird
16mm
camera
will
film
the view seen through the periscope. The camera
will
operate for nearly
3
hours following orbit insertion.
A
16
m
primate observer camera situated on
the
main
A
7Omm
earth-sky camera
will
provide coverage throughout themission
of
the view from
the
spacecraft window.
film
will
be
used in
all
on-board cameras.)Radiation Measurement
-
Four standard radiation packs
will
be
placed in the spacecraft, one on either sideof
the
positionnormally occupied by the astronaut's head and feet.packs, which contain the same type, but thicker, emulsion thanthe standard packs,
will
measure the incident radiation spectrum.
As
compared to investigating only total dosage,
as
indicated bystandard packs, these
will
be
used to determine the number andtype of radiation to which the spacecraft has been exposed.
It
will
also attempt to determine
the
initial energy of the particlesby measuring the depth
of
penetration. One pack
is
mounted on
the
hatch while the other
will
be
placed on the earth/s!cy camerabracket
.
(High
speed color
Two
additionalHeat,Noise and Vibration Measurement
-
Some
78
heat-measur-ing instruments have been located in temperature sensitive areas
of the
spacecraft.
No
effort
will
be made
to
sample noise andvibration during
MA-5
since
data
acquired in the previous orbitalMercury flightrevealed that neither
was
of
sufficient magnitude
to
warrant further investigation.
-3-

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->