Preserving historic properties asimportant reflections of our Americanheritage became a national policythrough passage of the AntiquitiesAct of 1906, the Historic Sites Act of
and the National Historic Pres-ervation Act of 1966, as amended.The Historic Sites Act authorized theSecretary of the Interior to identifyand recognize properties of nationalsignificance (National Historic Land-marks) in United States history andarcheology. The National HistoricPreservation Act of 1966 authorizedthe Secretary to expand this recogni-tion to properties of local and Statesignificance in American history, ar-chitecture, archeology, engineering,and culture, and worthy of preserva-tion. The National Register of His-toric Places is the official list of theserecognized properties, and is main-tained and expanded by the NationalPark Service on behalf of the Secretaryof the Interior.
The National Register of HistoricPlaces documents the appearance andimportance of districts, sites, build-
structures, and objects signifi-cant in our prehistory and history.These properties represent the majorpatterns of our shared local, State,and national experience. To guide theselection of properties included in theNational Register, the National ParkService has developed the NationalRegister Criteria for Evaluation.These criteria are standards by whichevery property that is nominated tothe National Register is judged. Inaddition, the National Park Servicehas developed criteria for the recogni-tion of nationally significant proper-
which are designated NationalHistoric Landmarks and prehistoricand historic units of the National ParkSystem. Both these sets of criteriawere developed to be consistent withthe Secretary of the Interior's
dards and Guidelines for Archeology andHistoric Preservation,
which are uni-
form, national standards for preserva-tion activities.
This publication explains how theNational Park Service applies thesecriteria in evaluating the wide rangeof properties that may be significantin local, State, and national history.It should be used by anyone whomust decide if a particular propertyqualifies for the National Register ofHistoric Places.Listing properties in the NationalRegister is an important step in a na-tionwide preservation process. Theresponsibility for the identification,initial evaluation, nomination, andtreatment of historic resources lieswith private individuals, State historicpreservation offices, and Federal pres-ervation offices, local governments,and Indian tribes. The final evalua-tion and listing of properties in theNational Register is the responsibilityof the Keeper of the National Register.This bulletin was prepared by staffof the National Register Branch, Inter-agency Resources Division, NationalPark Service, with the assistance of theHistory Division. It was originally is-sued in draft form in 1982. The draftwas revised into final form by PatrickW. Andrus, Historian, National Regis-ter, and edited by Rebecca H.Shrimpton, Consulting Historian.Beth L. Savage, National Registerand Sarah Dillard Pope, National Reg-ister, NCSHPO coordinated the latestrevision of this bulletin. Antionette J.
Tanya Gossett, and Kira Badamocoordinated earlier revisions.
'Properties listed in the National Register receive limited Federal protection and certain benefits. For more information concerning the effects oflisting, and how the National Register may be used by the general public and Certified Local Governments, as well as by local, State, and Federalagencies, and for copies of National Register Bulletins, contact the National Park Service, National Register, 1849 C Street, NW, NC400, Washington,D.C., 20240. Information may also be obtained by visiting the National Register Web site at
or by contacting any of the historicpreservation offices in the States and territories.
Secretary of the Interior's Standards and Guidelines for Archeology and Historic Preservation
are found in the
Vol. 48, No. 190
(Thursday, September 29,1983). A copy can be obtained by writing the National Park Service, Heritage Preservation Services (at the address above).