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National Register Bulletin 24: Guidelines for Local Surveys

National Register Bulletin 24: Guidelines for Local Surveys

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Guidelines For Local Surveys: A Basis For Preservation Planning
Guidelines For Local Surveys: A Basis For Preservation Planning

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Published by: Mark on Jun 12, 2008
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11/16/2011

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NATIONAL REGISTERBULLETIN
Technical information on comprehensive planning, survey of cultural resources, and registration inthe National Register of Historic Places.
U.S.
Department of the InteriorNational Park ServiceInteragency Resources Division
rr
,
*Guideh>A Basis F
 
Properties nominated to the National Register may beclassified in one of the five property classifications listedabove. Those evaluated as meeting the National Registercriteria may be nominated separately or as part of amultiple property submission.A
multiple property submission
includes nominations forall or a portion of the significant historic properties thatrelate to one or a series of established historic contexts,i.e. properties that share some significant historic orcultural relationship. A multiple property submissioncalls for the development of historic contexts, selection ofrelated property types, and the identification and docu-mentation of related significant properties. It may bebased on the results of a comprehensive interdisciplinarysurvey for a specific rural area, town, city, section of acity, county, or region of a state, or it may be based onan intensive study of the resources illustrative of aspecific type of building or site, a single cultural affilia-tion, the work of a specific master, or a single or closelyrelated group of historic events or activities. Thispublication is intended to provide guidance on the con-duct of surveys that may in turn form the basis for multi-ple property submissions. Further information aboutmultiple property submissions for nominating properties
Commercial block in South Royalton Historic District, Royalton,Vermont
(Courtney Fisher)to the National Register is contained in National RegisterBulletin 16,
Guidelines for Completing National Registerof Historic Places Forms,
available from the NationalPark Service.
What is a survey?
In this publication
survey
means a process ofidentifying and gathering data on a community'shistoric resources. It includes
field survey—
the
physical search for and recording of historic resourceson the ground—but it also includes
planning
and
background
research
before field survey begins,
organization and presentation of survey data
as thesurvey proceeds, and the development of
inventories.Survey data
refers to the raw data produced by thesurvey; that is, all the information gathered on eachproperty and area investigated.An
inventory
is one of the basic products of a survey.An inventory is an organized compilation of informa-
What is a historic resource?
tion on those properties that are
evaluated
as signifi-cant.
Evaluation
is the process of determining whether iden-tified properties meet defined criteria of historical, ar-chitectural, archeological, or cultural significance. Inother words, evaluation involves winnowing thesurvey data to produce an inventory.Survey can be conducted at a variety of
scales,
pro-ducing different kinds of survey data applicable to dif-ferent needs. These will be discussed in detail later inthis publication.The National Historic Preservation Act defines
historic resource,
or
historic property,
as:
any prehistoric or historic district, site, building,structure, or object included in, or eligible for inclu-sion in the National Register (of Historic Places);such term includes artifacts, records, and remainswhich are related to such a district, site, building,structure, or object.
The National Register, in turn, defines a
historic prop-erty
as a district, site, building, structure, or objectsignificant in American history, architecture, engineer-ing, archeology, and culture. A historic property maybe a row of stores having cast-iron fronts or MountVernon, a water tower or a city park, a railroad sta-tion, an ethnic neighborhood, or the archeological re-mains of a prehistoric Indian village. It may be ofvalue to the Nation as a whole or important only tothe community in which it is located.
Introduction
 
Guidelines For Local Surveys:A Basis For Preservation Planning
National Register Bulletin 24
Anne DerryH. Ward JandlCarol D. ShullJan Thorman1977REVISED, 1985, by Patricia L. Parker
National Register of Historic PlacesInteragency Resources DivisionNational Park ServiceU.S. Department of the InteriorWashington, DC

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